Word Search pdf

The easiest ways to search for a word in a PDF using a PDF reader or web browser. Download This PDF PDFs are arguably one of the most common document formats that’s used to share and view content. Word Search Maker More Puzzles Search Printable Word Searches. All of our word search puzzles are available to download and print as either a pdf or an image. We have included the 20 most popular puzzles below, but you can find hundreds more by browsing the categories at the bottom, or visiting our homepage Displaying the Search/Find Window Pane. When a PDF is opened in the Acrobat Reader (not in a browser), the search window pane may or may not be displayed. To display the search/find window pane, use 'Ctrl+F'. When the Find window opens, follow these steps and refer to Figure 1 below: The best quality PDF to Word conversion on the market - free and easy to use. No watermarks - convert PDF to Word in seconds. Printable Word Searches. Download and print any of our word search puzzles. You can play by yourself or use it with your kids at home. If you are a teacher, this is a very good activity to give to your students. Word Search. Build word familiarity through a puzzle format. Word searches are more useful than for a simple diversion. They are very useful for helping students commit to memory vocabulary words, place names, historical figures and other theme-based topics. To make a word search, enter your list of words in the large area provided. You can type these by hand or paste them in from another document, such as a word processing document or a spreadsheet. Just make sure that you have one word per line. Next, enter values for the height (letters down) and width (letters across) of the generated puzzle. Open a PDF document in the Chrome browser. In the Chrome browser, you can go to the PDF document on the web, or you can open a PDF file from your computer by right-clicking on the file, then click Open with and select Google Chrome. On a Mac computer without a two-button mouse you can press Control and click or tap the trackpad with two fingers. Printable word search puzzles. Break out your pens or pencils and get your eyes ready. These word search puzzles are the perfect solo activity for a rainy day or if you’re just stuck inside. Word search puzzles are a fun and relaxing way to unwind and pass some time. While I have a bunch of free word search printables available for download, this one is the most difficult by far.. 100 Word Printable Word Search. This hard word search is packed with 100 different words to find, making it very challenging and time-consuming.

Today I Learned (TIL)

2008.12.28 07:46 Today I Learned (TIL)

You learn something new every day; what did you learn today? Submit interesting and specific facts about something that you just found out here.
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2010.12.10 04:27 halberdier25 Reserve Officers' Training Corps

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2014.07.02 06:19 DrLionelRaymond -

Want to join? Tell your inviter to follow the steps stated in the sub.
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2020.09.22 15:41 kepageno Serious error in IDS website about Paliu/Bolyu language

The entire language is wrong, misplaced, or something.
https://ids.clld.org/contributions/811
You can search for words and then compare them with the links below
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Appendix:Proto-Pakanic_reconstructions
http://sealang.net/sala/archives/pdf8/edmondson1995english.pdf
The first link is from Hsiu (2016), who reconstructed the proto-branch to which Paliu belongs, he's probably the most recognized authority on these languages.
submitted by kepageno to linguistics [link] [comments]


2020.09.22 13:46 Super_Gopnik Pénisz- és herekínzás (Wikipédia)

Pénisz- és herekínzás[bevezető szerkesztése]Ellenőrizetlen változat

A Wikipédiából, a szabad enciklopédiábólUgrás a navigációhozUgrás a kereséshez📷Erényövek a 2011-es Dore Alley Fairről
A pénisz- és herekínzás (angolul cock and ball torture, röviden CBT), vagy péniszkínzás olyan szexuális tevékenység, melynek során fájdalmat és/vagy szorítást okoznak a pénisznek és/vagy a heréknek). A CBT olyan fájdalmas tevékenységeket foglal magába, mint például a péniszpiercing, játék viasszal, genitális verés, szorítás, herekínzás, péniszkorbácsolás, a húgycsővel való játszás, kínzás csiklandozással, erotikus elektrostimuláció, térdelés vagy rúgás.[1] Az ilyen tevékenységek kedvezményezettje közvetlen mazochizmus révén érezhet fizikai élvezetet, erotikus megaláztatás révén érzelmi örömöt, vagy felizgathatja annak tudása, hogy a játék a szadista domináns félnek örvendetes. Ezen gyakorlatok közül sok jelentős egészségügyi kockázatot hordoz.[2]

Tartalomjegyzék

Eszközök és használatuk[szerkesztés]

Sok más szexuális tevékenységhez hasonlóan a CBT is végezhető különböző szexuális játékszerekkel és eszközökkel, hogy a pénisz és a herék könnyebben hozzáférhetőek legyenek aktushoz vagy előjátékhoz).[3][4]

Herenyújtó[szerkesztés]

📷Fém herenyújtó és péniszgyűrű, amely kikényszeríti a pénisz erekcióját.
A herenyújtó egy szexuális játékszer, amelyet arra használnak, hogy meghosszabbítsák a herezacskót, és olyan súlyt helyeznek a herére, melytől azok elhúzódnak a testtől. Ez különösen a viselő számára élvezetes, mivel az eszköz megakadályozza, hogy a herék felfelé mozogjanak, s ez intenzívebbé teszi az orgazmust. Milvel az eszköz célja, hogy a herék sokkal alacsonyabban lógjanak, mint korábban, ez a szexuális játék potenciálisan káros lehet a férfi nemi szervekre, ha hosszabb ideig rendszeresen használják, mivel a vérkeringés könnyen megszakad, ha túlságosan szorosra húzzák.
A bőrből készült nyújtók a leggyakoribbak, más modellek pedig acélgyűrűkből állnak, melyek csavarokkal rögzíthetők, és ezáltal a viselő heréinek csak enyhén kellemetlen érzést okoznak. Az eszköz kb. 2-10 cm közötti változatokban elérhető.[5] Ezeknél veszélyesebb a házilag készített nyújtó kötél vagy zsinór használatával.

Hereaprító[szerkesztés]

A hereaprító egy fémből vagy gyakran átlátszó akrilből készült eszköz, mely egy anya vagy csavar elforgatásával, lassan nyomja meg a heréket. A szorítás mértéke természetesen a viselő fájdalomtűrő képességétől függ. A hereaprítót gyakran használják együtt kötözéssel, akár partner(ek)kel, akár egyedüt.

Ejtőernyő[szerkesztés]

Az ún. ejtőernyő egy általában bőrből készült kicsi öv, amely a herezacskó körül rögzül, és amelyre súlyok függeszthetőek fel. Az eszköz kúpos alakú és három vagy négy rövid lánc lóg róla, amelyhez a súlyok rögzíthetők.
Az ejtőernyőt BDSM kapcsolatokban használják a pénisz és a here kínzásának részeként, mivel húzó és szorító hatást fejt ki a herékre. A láncokra általában 3 és 5 kg közti súlyokat függesztenek, különösen kötözés során, bár néha ennék sokkal nehezebb súlyokat is használnak. Kisebb súlyok is használhatók abban az esetben, ha a viselő szabadon mozoghat; ilyenkor a súly lengő hatása korlátozhatja a hirtelen mozdulatokat és vizuális ingert adhat a domináns partner számára.

Heretágító (humbler)[szerkesztés]

📷Férfi heretágítóval
A heretágító (angolul humbler) egy BDSM eszköz, amelyet arra használnak, hogy korlátozza a szubmisszív férfi résztvevő mozgását.
A tágító gyakorlatilag egy herebilincs, mely a herezacskó töve körül helyezkedik el, egy combok mögött, a fenék alatt áthaladó rúd közepén. Ez arra kényszeríti a viselőjét, hogy térdelő helyzetben tartsa a lábát, mivel a lábak egyenesítésének még kis mértékű kísérlete is erősen meghúzza a herezacskót, ez pedig kellemetlen érzést okoz, mely a közepes kényelmetlenségtől az extrém fájdalomig terjedő skálán terjed.

Herebilincs[szerkesztés]

A herebilincs egy gyűrű alakú eszköz a here és a test között, a herezacskó körül, amely bezárva nem engedi, hogy a here áthaladjon rajta. Ez általában két összekapcsolt karikából áll, az egyik a herezacskó, a másik a pénisz alapja körül. A herebilincs csak egy a sokféle eszköz közül, melyek fogvatartják a férfi nemi szerveket. A here körül rögzíthető, ezáltal bilincsként alkalmazható akár egy közönséges lakat is, melyet kulcs nélkül nem lehet eltávolítani.
Egyes passzív férfiak élvezik a partnerük általi birtoklást, a domináns felek pedig a tulajdonlás érzetét. Az iyen kapcsolatokban a bilincs azt szimbolizálja, hogy nemi szervei a férfi/női partneréhez tartoznak. Ez gyakran megalázással párosul, mely további szexuális izgalmat okoz. A bilincs a viselője vagy partnere szexuális fétisének részét is képezheti.
Ezek azonban a herebilincsek extrém felhasználásai. Általánosabban fogalmazva, az eszköz lehúzza a heréket és ott tartja azokat a stimuláció során, amelynek számos előnye van:

Herehám[szerkesztés]

A herehám egy szexuális játék, amelyet úgy terveztek, hogy a pénisz és a herezacskó körül legyen hordható. Funkciója hasonló a péniszgyűrűhöz. Ezek az eszközök gyakran társulnak különböző BDSM tevékenységekhez. A The Gates of Hell egy CBT-hez használható férfi erényöv, amely több péniszgyűrűből áll.[6] A Kali's Teeth egy fémgyűrű belső tüskékkel, mely bezáródik a pénisz körül, ezáltal használható az erekció megelőzésére vagy büntetésére.[7]

Herekínzás[szerkesztés]

📷Herekínzás: Egy nő herénrúgja szubmisszív partnerét az USA-beli Folsom Street Fair-en
A herekínzás a herék rúgásából vagy térdeléséből álló szexuális gyakorlat. Számos orvosi kockázatot hordoz magában, pl. a hereszakadás veszélyét.

CBT Japánban[szerkesztés]

A Tamakeri (玉蹴り, „hererúgás”) egy szexuális fétis és a BDSM egyik alfajtája, mely a herék bántalmazásából áll. A műfajt ballbustingnak (röviden „bb”) is nevezik.[8][9] A Tamakeri egy japán kifejezés, de sok nem japán ember is használja azon filmek leírására, melyeken ázsiai emberek - főként nők - vesznek részt ebben a fétisben. A tamakeri egy mazochista és egy szadista félből áll, értelemszerűen ez utóbbi okoz fájdalmat az előbbi heréinek.[10] A fétis népszerű heteroszexuális és homoszexuális férfiak és nők körében is.[11]
A Denkianma (電気按摩, „elektromos masszázs”) egy népszerű japán tréfa, melynek során az egyik ember a lábát a másik nemi területére helyezi, és rezgő mozgással rázza meg.[12][13] Ezt gyakran úgy hajtják végre, hogy megragadják a másik ember lábát, felemelik azt, majd azt az ágyékukhoz helyezik és rezegtetik. A csínyt, mely hasonlít az Ázsiában szintén elterjedt kanchō-hoz, gyakran játszák iskoláskorú fiúk egymás között. A Doritos chipscég 2006-ban kiadott egy Denkianma nevű burgonyachipset.[14]

Biztonság[szerkesztés]

A véráramlás elvesztése az egyik legnagyobb kockázat a pénisz- és herekínzás során, amely színvesztéssel és ödémával járhat.[15] Különösen veszélyes a herék más dolgokhoz való kötözése, mert ez növeli annak kockázatát, hogy a herék megsérüljenek túlzott nyomás vagy húzás következtében.
A legsúlyosabb lehetséges sérülések a here repedése, a herék torziója és a herék avulziója, melyek sürgős orvosi ellátást igénylő vészhelyzetek.[16]

Jegyzetek[szerkesztés]

  1. Langdridge, Darren. Safe, sane, and consensual: contemporary perspectives on sadomasochism. Palgrave Macmillan, 174. o. (2008). ISBN 978-0-230-51774-5. Hozzáférés ideje: 2016. október 21.
  2. Sydney Lee (2017-01-29), Ballbusting 101, <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G1-gTAnrEps>. Hozzáférés ideje: 2019-05-02
  3. Thomas: Why Some Men Love Getting Their Penises Tortured (angol nyelven). www.refinery29.com. [2019. május 2-i dátummal az eredetiből archiválva]. (Hozzáférés: 2019. május 2.)
  4. Krishnan: We Asked a Cock and Ball Torture Expert About the Art of Dilating Urethras (kanadai angol nyelven). Vice, 2017. március 14. [2019. május 2-i dátummal az eredetiből archiválva]. (Hozzáférés: 2019. május 2.)
  5. Hartley, Nina. Nina Hartley's Guide to Total Sex. Avery, 136. o. (2006). ISBN 978-1-58333-263-4. Hozzáférés ideje: 2016. október 21.
  6. The Strict Leather Gates of Hell Review. Gritty Woman, 2015. június 17. [2019. március 22-i dátummal az eredetiből archiválva]. (Hozzáférés: 2018. július 24.)
  7. Kali's Teeth Anti Erection Device. Femina Rising, 1995. [2018. július 24-i dátummal az eredetiből archiválva]. (Hozzáférés: 2018. július 24.)
  8. tamakeri - Wiktionary. en.wiktionary.org. [2019. április 2-i dátummal az eredetiből archiválva]. (Hozzáférés: 2019. május 2.)
  9. Word of the Week: Tamakeri. Posting Maven, 2015. március 30. [2019. november 15-i dátummal az eredetiből archiválva]. (Hozzáférés: 2018. december 12.)
  10. What is Tamakeri? - Definition from Kinkly (angol nyelven). Kinkly.com. [2019. április 2-i dátummal az eredetiből archiválva]. (Hozzáférés: 2019. május 2.)
  11. Tamakeri. Japan for the Uninvited, 2006. június 23. [2019. április 2-i dátummal az eredetiből archiválva]. (Hozzáférés: 2019. május 2.)
  12. "Denki Anma": The Japanese traditional torment that you'll be glad stays in Japan (angol nyelven). SoraNews24, 2014. március 27. [2019. május 2-i dátummal az eredetiből archiválva]. (Hozzáférés: 2019. május 2.)
  13. Wiki - denki anma - Danbooru. danbooru.donmai.us. [2019. május 2-i dátummal az eredetiből archiválva]. (Hozzáférés: 2019. május 2.)
  14. Denki Anma Attack JapanNewbie. web.archive.org, 2013. október 9. [2019. november 9-i dátummal az eredetiből archiválva]. (Hozzáférés: 2019. május 2.)
  15. Dirk: Cock Torture: Health and Safety. Deviants' Dictionary. [2013. december 29-i dátummal az eredetiből archiválva]. (Hozzáférés: 2011. április 16.)
  16. Dirk: Ball Torture: Health and Safety. Deviants' Dictionary. [2013. július 30-i dátummal az eredetiből archiválva]. (Hozzáférés: 2011. április 16.)

Kapcsolódó oldalak[szerkesztés]

📷A Wikimédia Commons tartalmaz Pénisz- és herekínzás témájú médiaállományokat.
Kategória:

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2020.09.22 10:27 doves-nest The Daily Check-In for Tuesday, September 22nd: Just for today, I am NOT drinking!

Check-in
We may be anonymous strangers on the internet, but we have one thing in common. We may be a world apart, but we're here together!
Welcome to the 24 hour pledge!
I'm pledging myself to not drinking today, and invite you to do the same.
Maybe you're new to stopdrinking and have a hard time deciding what to do next. Maybe you're like me and feel you need a daily commitment or maybe you've been sober for a long time and want to inspire others.
It doesn't matter if you're still hung over from a three day bender or been sober for years, if you just woke up or have already completed a sober day. For the next 24 hours, lets not drink alcohol!
This pledge is a statement of intent. Today we don't set out trying not to drink, we make a conscious decision not to drink. It sounds simple, but all of us know it can be hard and sometimes impossible. The group can support and inspire us, yet only one person can decide if we drink today. Give that person the right mindset!
What happens if we can't keep to our pledge? We give up or try again. And since we're here in stopdrinking, we're not ready to give up.
What this is: A simple thread where we commit to not drinking alcohol for the next 24 hours, posting to show others that they're not alone and making a pledge to ourselves. Anybody can join and participate at any time, you do not have to be a regular at stopdrinking or have followed the pledges from the beginning.
What this isn't: A good place for a detailed introduction of yourself, directly seek advice or share lengthy stories. You'll get a more personal response in your own thread.
This post goes up at:
A link to the current Daily Check-In post can always be found near the top of the sidebar
___________________________________________________
Building Habitual Behavior
“The moment you accept total responsibility for everything in your life is the moment you claim the power to change anything in your life.”
-Hal Elrod
Habits have the ability to either improve our lives and how we spend our time, or they can destroy our ability to act in the right way.
(If you would like to understand how habits are formed in our brains, here is an article that explains it better than I can in a succinct way.)
Habits, or lack of, impact our ability to make the right decisions. Drinking always had a negative effect on my decision making. While I never let alcohol get in the way of accomplishing my paid work, I never put time into valuing myself and my growth as a person the way I do now. Alcohol was the roadblock to all meaningful work in life. And drunkenness robbed me of significant chunks of my life.
It wasn’t until I quit drinking that I understood how much time I was wasting and how much time I had freed up.
It wasn’t just the nightly drinking. The hangovers caused me to start my day later than I would have. Exhaustion deterred me from spending time exercising and eating the right way. Lack of focus caused me to avoid putting effort into meaningful work outside of my job. Instead, I used my free time for the only thing that was important to me, getting drunk.
I didn’t know what to do with all this time I suddenly gained. But I did figure out one thing: I had to consciously choose how to spend my time or it would be chosen for me.
The Importance of Routine
My morning routine has a major impact on my ability to make the right decisions throughout the day.
It is surprising how much you can fit into a short amount of time when you have a structured routine. We waste a lot of time getting sidetracked every day. It’s a free-for-all of checking emails, messages, Facebook, etc.
As Dan Gilbert and Matt Killingsworth found, our lack of focus causes an unhappy mind because our wandering mind has no sense of direction. And our wandering mind wanders for a bit longer than we think.
A study conducted by the University of California, Irvine shows that a typical office worker will be interrupted or distracted in about 11 minutes from the start of a task. And on average it takes 23 minutes to get back on track. In other words, we're spending double the time in a distracted state than we are on our actual work.
We are too easily distracted by the constant chatter around us. In our heads, on television, social media, etc. In fact, social media is built to distract us. I know that if I get pulled away, I won’t get back to the task at hand as fast as I would like.
By having a habitual morning routine, I don't have to make a choice of what to focus on. Willpower gets depleted the more choices you make, and I reserve that willpower for when I need it. I don’t use it because I’m trying to find a different time to lift weights every day. The important and meaningful things are automatically prioritized into my morning routine.
How to Build a Habit
“Habits do not restrict freedom. They create it. In fact, the people who don’t have their habits handled are often the ones with the least amount of freedom. Without good financial habits, you will always be struggling for the next dollar. Without good health habits, you will always seem to be short on energy. Without good learning habits, you will always feel like you’re behind the curve. If you’re always being forced to make decisions about simple tasks - when should I work out, where do I go to write, when do I pay the bills - then you have less time for freedom. It’s only by making the fundamentals of life easier that you can create the mental space needed for free thinking and creativity.”
-James Clear
Start small. It is difficult, if not impossible, to maintain a habit going from 0 to 100. The willpower you use to push yourself will eventually fade and you will burn out.
If you want to build a weight training habit, for example, but have never had a long-term training habit, starting small gives you a much better chance of sticking with the habit. Rather than commit to an hour a day at the gym, commit to 15 minutes of pushups at home.
It’s much easier to add later than it is to subtract once burnout hits.
My habits were non-existent when I quit drinking. I wasn’t writing or journaling. I was exercising only sporadically. I wasn’t even reading regularly. The only way I could build these habits in a meaningful way was to start small.
My writing habit started with 15-20 minutes of everyday journaling. Now it is my morning prayer journal and my 2-hour daily writing practice.
My exercise habit started simply with a couple mile walk every day and a short 15-minute kettlebell weight training practice. Now it’s expanded to different weight training programs on different days and I also switch off days between a regular walk and a ruck - which is a walk with a weighted ruck pack. In both cases, it’s about 3 miles every day.
Both of these habits took some time to build. Besides starting small, it was important to find a set time that works, guard it, and block it off every day. Winging it doesn't last. And I wouldn't successfully work through these practices if I did them at different times every day. It would be too easy to skip days.
So, I’m strict about start times, and I try to chain as many habits together as I can so one leads into the next. James Clear writes about this in a lot more detail in his book Atomic Habits.
Rules to Building a Routine
Rather than outline my routine, which works for me but might not for you, I’d rather give ideas of how a routine can work for you.
No days off. If it is important and meaningful enough for you to make part of your routine, do it every day – weekends too. For me, it’s my daily commitment to not drink, my prayer journal, time with my son, writing, weight training, and walking / rucking - in that order each time.
Wake up at the same time every day. Your body does not react well to waking up at different times on different days. This is why we are more exhausted than we should be when Monday rolls around. And for this reason, I also try to go to sleep at the same time every night.
Do not start off too ambitious. Putting a routine together takes trial and error and a gradual build-up of each individual habit. Each habit requires thoughtful consideration of what you can maintain and build from.
You need a good cue. Right after I get out of bed, I change into my workout clothes. Exercise is the last part of my routine but changing into fresh clothes is a signal to get my ass in gear. It is my cue. This can be anything. It can be a shower, a fresh cup of tea or coffee, a prayer, a quick set of pushups.
Phone goes in airplane mode. This is the hardest rule for me to maintain. I do pretty well checking my phone only at certain times I allow, but sometimes it gets to be a distraction. The only thing I won’t do is let it interrupt my writing time.
Waking up is the best part of my day. I enjoy kicking it off with my routine and this schedule ensures there are no excuses to not show up. I’m not perfect, but I don’t deviate often.
Because drinking is addictive and habitual, it is important when quitting to build a schedule that works for you. You have freed up your time from drunkenness and hangovers. This a chance to build habits that you have always desired. And a chance to use that time with purpose.
Today, think about those meaningful things that you neglected because of alcohol and how you can build a purposeful routine around them.
Not drinking with you today in San Antonio.
Resources: Clear, James. Atomic Habits Elrod, Hal. The Miracle Morning Gilbert, Daniel and Killingsworth, Matthew. "A Wandering Mind Is an Unhappy Mind".pdf) University of California, Irvine – “No Task Left Behind?” - 2005 Study
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2020.09.21 07:20 RainSpectreX Intellectual Masochists: On the Nature of Plot Twists, Narrative Structure and Player Immersion in VNs (Spoilers for The Portopia Serial Murder Case)

The world is the totality of facts, not of things. - Tractatus Logico-philosophicus-Proposition 1:1
In 1985, Yuji Horii made The Portopia Serial Murder Case, a slightly rudimentary take on the burgeoning western PC adventure game market which put the players in a surprising murder mystery.
In the game, the player is given the role of a detective working with fellow investigator Yasuhiro "Yasu" Mano to solve the case of Kouzou Yamanaka, a banker found stabbed to death in a locked room of his own mansion. Together, you and Yasu investigate a variety of suspects, pursue leads, and search for the truth.
Reflecting its influence, Portopia does not have a "protagonist", the player chooses a command from a variety of options, ranging from asking around to hitting objects, and the action is carried out and executed by Yasu, who is the narrative vessel through which all action takes place. The player themselves is never seen, heard from or carries out any actions themselves beyond changing areas. Each of the suspects the player investigates have simple yet clear personalities; you have Fumie the secretary, Komiya the elderly guard, Toshi the nephew and small time criminal, and Yukiko the teen juvenile. As the story progresses, multiple revelations are made surrounding the suspects, Toshi, the most likely initial suspect if ruled out on having been doing a drug deal on the time of the murder, Komiya was away getting drunk at the time, and Yukiko's missing father had committed suicide that night due to debts he owed the victim.
Eventually, a breakthrough is made when the player learns that Kouzou and another man, Kawamura, were a pair of con artists who had ruthlessly destroyed multiple lives. Further investigation after Kawamura himself is found dead reveals that one of their victims left behind two children with their suicide, one of whom was Fumie. Only she's gone missing, and already had an airtight alibi to begin with for the murder. The only suspect remaining is thus her unknown brother, who can be identified through a butterfly shaped mark on his shoulder.
This is where the twist happens. After a rather infuriating maze segment, the player discovers a memo revealing that Kouzou had come to regret his crimes, and that he had in fact had been attempting to atone by caring for Fumie. After this, the player is to return to the police station and not call in a witness, as they have done dozens of times.
Instead, they tell Yasu to take off his clothes.
The mark on his body reveals the shocking conclusion.
ヤスは犯人
~~~~
It's interesting to me how undervalued Portopia is in the west towards game history. Not only was it the first ADV/VN in history, but it was basically the first narrative based game in Japan period. Creators like Hideo Kojima and Eiji Aoyama have directly credited with getting them into the industry due to its complex storytelling, and its original success allowed Yuji Horii to make the original Dragon Quest, the game which birthed JRPGs as a genre. Basically 90% of Japanese gaming period owes itself back to this singular title.
It's thus fascinating to examine the iconic "Yasu is the criminal" twist in how, more than just it as a twist as its own, but it how it acted as the originator, and how it essentially implanted the concept from the very, very beginning. And how these, in turn, lead us into a long string of techniques which formulate how VNs narratives are told.
Let us, for this demonstration, perceive three essential pieces in the puzzle. In short, there are two primary objects, you, the solitary individual, and the game as a digital construction projecting an alternate "reality" which we call a fiction which the player is making the effort to connect to. Connecting the individual and the fiction are two wires, which we will call the primary mode and primary thought. To establish those two:
The Yasu twist fundamentally displays a violation of both of these processes. In terms of primary thought, the twist shatters two things the player assumes, that the victim was a remorseless criminal, and the Yasu was the main ally. The second, far more jarring one, is that it violates the implicit order of how the player interacts with the experience of the fiction. Remember, the "protagonist" of Portopia essentially does not exist, they are a menu whose choices Yasu executes. You are, in that sense, acting as Yasu's controller, yet Yasu is in the end also the criminal you are trying to capture.
This contradiction between the conventional logic the player is adapted to verses the reality they are faced with is the inherent logic behind a "Yasu" twist. They are a sharp reminder of the power of information, because they are when information is re-correlated as a function of betrayal.
To take the idea of a strict medium-level control, think of Knox's Decalogue. The ten point list, more or less, comprised the logic and reality behind the nature of the common detective fiction. The detective and his assistant are to be impartial sleuths who deduce the mystery, the culprit is a singular entity whom is to be hunted down, and the victim is the victim.
So thus, what happens when that reality is violated? If the safety net of the detective fiction is removed, can you trust anything? What is a clue to the answer, and what is a manifestation of paranoia? Is anything even real, then?
It is this "Thought/Mode Synchro" that constructs the mental shock from such twists. The idea that the writing has seeded a revelation outside of one's natural understanding breaks our understanding of how fiction, and by consequence reality, functions. It is the birth of the second sight, which asks the work to be viewed on the level of all information, as the narrative has forever gone beyond the point of no return.
Indeed, many VNs employ a secondary technique will can be phrased as "Information Transformation", when the basic settings, characters, and ideas have their context or events being participated in so radically altered to where the beginning and end are virtually unrecognizable. This is the ultimate form of Thought/Mode Synchro, as it demonstrates the full destruction of all original logic in the supplementation of the new. A deepened layer, which is the proof of the true meaning.
~~~
To lead next is the subject of how VNs form their narrative, which is where an important work of reference, Hiroki Azuma's 2001 Database Animals is a...dated essay, and one which at times makes some exceptionally strange arguments (he seriously makes the argument of YU-NO being allegorical to living with DID), but it's central thesis is such; in the overlaying lens of postmodernist thinking, the conceptual idea of the "grand narrative" is erased, hence the ideas of database consumption which permeate the rest of the book come into focus.
This argument of Azuma's comes into sharp focus when his essay begins in its later pages discussing VNs themselves. "Grand narratives", to ruthlessly oversimplify the term in philosophy, relates to the use of fiction as a form of internal knowledge. The tradition of fiction thus is about its perception as gaining information about the world, first through oral tradition, and later as societal and factual understanding.
In order to receive this totality, what is "essential" is thus a linier correlation of facts which build towards the stated conclusion. The Odyssey will always be the stated journey of Odysseus' journey to reunite with his wife Penelope, all elements of the story are directly positioned to that conclusion. Were the facts to be displayed to where some other conclusion was reached, or they were betrayed as to create an alternate perspective, then the facts become irrelevant. They became the transcended "ultra-perspective".
VNs, by their hybrid nature, are fiction which on the surface betray this factual totality. Multiple routes, interlinked structural writing and play-assisted deductive reasoning are in betrayal to a factual totality, because the facts thus cannot all happen on a singular world-line or approach the singular conclusive entity. One ending is the basis of information, while the second ending is the basis of secondary.
It's because of that that the concept of a "True Ending" becomes a vital concept to VNs as an entity. The "final conclusion" is an existence which acts as the method by which the "un-totality" is decarded. In the player being directed to obtain a final pointer, the idea instead becomes the manual accumulation of facts which approximate the final truth. The totality, thus, is born of the perceptive eye arguing in level with the fiction, as the facts are the not of the linier line, but spread out for the observer to interact with.
Interestingly, however, the totality of facts often does not correlate to the sum. Bad endings, side routes, some minor dialogue options, often these are not required in the slightest to reach the final conclusion and, by consequence, the accepted totality. The facts, thus, are not born of the cumulative nature of the work, but of the specified priority information. The ideas which are considering most critical, such as who the people are, what their goals are, and what are the truths and conclusions they are able to reach.
The factual totality however in interesting contrast to another idea, that being the belief of relevancy in multiple conclusions. If the conclusion to the totality lies in a singular point, then what does that say about all the alternates which are now listed as "less important"? This brings itself into the sharp contrast with the idea of pursuing based on the scope of the story presented throughout multiple paths (grand narrative) VS on the merit of the singular conclusions (small narrative). If the former is the large scale "incentive", then the latter is thus the response of an emotional preference to a specified segment. This is ultimately a personal decision, so I feel it's not important to ponder on, but still worth noting regardless as an argument.
~~~
Perceive, for a moment, the nature of VN's as a hybrid medium. While they are games categorically, the sheer amount of text in their scripts outstrip many of the most extensive novels. This amount of text is impressive on its own before you account for that they are able to skip over many things necessary for a traditional novel to function, most crucially being descriptive text needed for transitioning scenes, establishing location and notifying speaker, all of these things are carried out by the backgrounds, sprites and UI. When one considers this, the amount of text in a VN actually considerably outdoes that of novels, as it is largely dedicated to dialogue and important description of actions and concepts.
The heavily dialogue focused nature of VNs becomes especially fascinating when another idea is observed, that being the cast size and layout. VNs have typically what we might call small casts of characters by comparison to the volume of text, typically sitting comfortably between 10-20 notable individuals, with only a few approaching the 30s (for comparison, Bleak House by Charles Dickens is 377K words in length, well below the length of many VNs, and still has a cast of 62 named characters). The cast itself is usually routed directly around the perspective a singular character, sometimes a set of them, which are designated the protagonist. Alternate perspectives are usually relegated to cutaways or interludes, but the expectation is always that, sooner or later, the story will return to the designated perspective.
This expectation of "The story is the summation of the protagonist" is something which skews far closer to video games, I think. We are internally built around the observation of the "player character", even though in the case of VNs that character is someone we at best only control through specified decisions. To avert the expectation that the protagonist exists means voiding the sub-surface layer to player-reader connection, the perspective of the protagonist as the rooted, independent individual.
This kind of "Game-based writing design" is pertinent when we layer them over emotional intensity. In absence of gameplay, VN's are often heavily specified around creating strong emotions through route structure and episodic formatting. A single series of events can have shocking turnarounds, comedy, love and tragedy, all as merely a contained fragment of the narrative. Rather than the underscoring of a singular narrative, we instead watch the constrained rooting of multiple narratives, each with roughly the same cast and setting (in contrast to, say, Shonen manga story arcs, which often introduce entire new casts of characters each arc).
The protagonist essentially acts as the "second sight" of the narrative, as they are layered as the constant interactor within the context of the fiction itself. This gamification tool is interesting due to the hybrid medium position. In being restricted to a singular lens, a collective understanding of the work through the player is thus acquired.
~~
So, we are thus positioned with three key matters, the "Thought/Mode Synchro", the "Absolute Factual Totality" and "The Rooted Individual Narrative". These, I think neatly formulate the real "face" of VNs as a hybrid media, more textually dense (in word count, I mean) that novels but also intrinsically designed as occurring under the logic of video games.
So then, the question arises, why did I title this "Intellectual Masochists"? Well, beyond just wanting a catchy title, I believe it is a darkly fitting descriptive for the people who make up the VN community.
The desire that, off my three outlined principles, essentially creates a feedback loop of a desire for information correlated with the inherent emotional intensities that will repeatedly come from the acquisition of information. The factual totality is reached through endless emotional pressures, which are individually interlaced on one another, are to be considered together. Hence, we desire the factual totality, yet the road will bring us just as much pain as love.
That, perhaps, is the answer I reached.
If we look at a fiction, what is the facts born of it?
A lie is forever in opposition to the truth, after all.
A hybrid existence, lived as a both and a neither. An interactive "game" devoid of complete interaction, and a novel which is written outside prose.
The natural logic of it, comes then from something born separate. For those things, are what is to be treasured.
It is those things, words, which we value.
It is all, forever, that it needs to be.
----
I know this is long, but thanks for reading! This was a genuine attempt at an essay of sorts about VN's and their design, so I'd appreciate feedback. Feel free to bring up specific examples with games of the ideas I discussed in actions as well! Due to spoilers I didn't discuss anything specific beyond Portopia, but there's a lot of individual examples which I'm sure can be used to expand on the ideas presented here.
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2020.09.21 06:45 -FernFeather- Full Mad Eye Lore including scientific and historical analysis.

!!!!!! PLEASE READ THIS NOTE!!!!!!!
I worked really hard on research, compiling all this information, and analyzing it and I would REALLY appreciate if you would check out my YouTube where I do a full video analysis of it, I'm not trying to advertise or anything but if you support this work and you want to see more (and I'm currently working on acrobat's lore analysis as we speak) then showing that support to me on my YT (channel name is FernFeather) would honestly mean the world. But of course as always it's up to you.

END NOTE

BURKE LAPADURA
Mad eyes
Mad eyes introduction: Burke is the eldest son of a construction worker who grew up playing amongst designs, various machines, and tools. By the time he was 20, he had already acquired local fame for his skills. Hired by a married couple, Burke arrived at Oletus Manor when it was still desolate, rundown and was responsible for most of the architectural designs. As per the wishes of his employer, he led his team of workers and expanded Oletus Manor. In his own time, he added his own touch to the manor, his devices, turning the manor into Burke's secret laboratory. It is said that even up until that unfortunate incident this crazy architect was still planning the addition of new devices.

This analysis will include: a dissection of Burke's deductions in history, a brief history of the development of prostheses, revisiting the abandoned setting of the manor, whiskey and pressure gauges.
Design:
Burke's design is mechanical, and slightly reminiscent of steampunk. Despite how unrealistic and stylized his design may appear to be, it actually holds some significant footing in reality. I'll discuss it in points
  1. His prosthesis -
Burke's right hand and left leg have both been replaced with mechanical parts - More commonly referred to as a prosthesis. It's never explained how he lost these limbs - we do however know that the area where he lives has poachers and dangerous traps so it's possible one of these could have contributed to it, but since it's never stated it's also possible he could have purposefully chosen to replace them as he aged. Regardless as to why his prosthetics appear to be fairly rudimentary. Currently there exists certain prosthetics which can sense electrical impulses in the remaining muscles around it and based off of where the impulse is it can move the prosthetic in a certain way. Considering this technology is fairly recent to the current day Burke's prosthesis is most likely a body powered device which relies on the coordinated movements of the user’s own residual and healthy limbs to drive. To be fair the movement of his fingers do appear to be far more coordinated than a body power device would allow but considering he is a mechanical genius I think we can suspend our disbelief a little. In fact most historical prostheses used residual limbs and specific movements to operate most efficiently.
https://www.amputee-coalition.org/history-prosthetic-leg/
Also, if you look closely, you can see that Burk’s prosthesis has rubber bumpers.
The Civil War may have helped spawn the first major explosion of the United States’ prosthetic device industry. About 70 percent of all wounds sustained by Civil War soldiers affected their limbs which often resulted in amputation. The ghastly nature of the condition of many soldiers returning from conflict led to the federal government taking action in the form of its “Great Civil War Benefaction” program. This little-remembered project made a commitment on behalf of the government to provide prosthetic devices to every Civil War soldier who needed one. As such there were numerous manufacturers building devices on government contracts and the need for these synthetic limbs helps spurred innovation. Beginning in 1863, rubber began to find use along with, or instead of, wood and metal, providing a more natural appearance, better resiliency and more flexibility.
The introduction of rubber in leg prosthetic sockets grew in popularity thanks to New York inventor Dubois Parmelee in 1863. His socket attached to the residual limb using atmospheric pressure, and india rubber was used to comfortably adjust to a patient’s residual limb
Therefore, the time point when Burk replaced his prosthesis was most likely around late 1860s. I specify "replaced" because in his deductions when we first meet him it's most likely around the early 1800s so he either had a different form of prosthesis or was in full fit condition.
https://www.amputee-coalition.org/history-prosthetic-leg/
https://www.ipwatchdog.com/2014/12/01/the-evolution-of-prosthetic-devices-a-patent-history/id=52227/
  1. His console -
Now that I've harped about his prosthetic let's shift our focus to some other identifying aspects. The "keyboard" used to enter data onto his consoles appears to be altered form of a typewriter. Between 1801 and 1808, Italian Pellegrino Turri invented the first typewriter for his blind friend. Later this typewriter was lost, so it is impossible to know its shape and structure today. The first machine known as the typewriter was patented on 23rd June 1868, by printer and journalist Christopher Latham.
  1. Pressure gauge -
The pressure gauge on the Barker weapon belongs to the Bourdon tube pressure gauge, which is the earliest and most commonly used mechanical pressure measuring instrument. French engineer Eugene Bourdon first invented the Bourdon gauge in 1849. The device enabled accurate measurement of much higher pressures than existing measurement devices. Bourdon designed the device for steam locomotive engines in the late 1840s because of the increasing number of horrific accidents involving very high-pressure steam locomotive engines. The accident rate and number of deaths from steam engine explosions dropped significantly within a couple of years of the introduction of the Bourdon gauge.
https://blog.wika.us/products/pressure-products/eugene-bourdon-history-bourdon-gauge/
Bark’s pressure gauge is probably used to directly measure the steam inside his weapon, to prevent it from bursting suddenly. But why does his weapon need to have pressure in the first place? if he's able to control when steam is released, then the force of the steam exiting the weapon would help to increase the speed and force of his attack. You have to remember he has cute little toothpick arms, and a prosthesis doesn't really provide you much grip, so these alterations to his weapon can give him an advantage. Additionally steam is hot, at atmospheric pressure liquid water transitions to steam 212°F (that's 100°C), according to The burn foundation, just one second at 156° F (69°C) can cause third degree burns. Researchers in Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA) found the epidermis (the outer layer of skin), cannot properly perform its protective function against water vapour as high temperature vapor easily penetrates to the second layer of skin easily causing second degree burns.
(https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/05/180514122556.htm#:~:text=Why%20the%20epidermis%20does%20not%20protect%20against%20steam&text="The%20steam%20penetrates%20through%20the,triggers%20second-degree%20burns)
however under the pressure within Burke's weapon the damage caused gets even worse. It takes about 16.67 bar to crush an egg as seen in this experiment (17 kg converts to 16.67 bar)
https://youtu.be/YP_UBNwEoGs
According to valves online temperature steam reference, assuming this measly pressure alone could increase the temperature of the steam up to 204°C or about 400°F, to put this in perspective frying grease is often between 300 and 500°F interested by the American burn association can cause serious degree burns in less than one second. I know people despise getting hit by Mad eye walls but considering the alternative it might be the less painful option.
Temp steam ref:
https://www.valvesonline.com.au/references/steam-tables/
Approximate time and temperatures in relation to burns:
https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://www.regionalonehealth.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/Scald-Burns-Flyer.pdf&ved=2ahUKEwi9opvu6bTrAhUqTDABHVEiCccQFjAJegQIARAB&usg=AOvVaw2Gm7DRj9OxCyXTso1qITGR
Scolding injuries:
https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=http://ameriburn.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/scaldinjuryeducatorsguide.pdf&ved=2ahUKEwi9opvu6bTrAhUqTDABHVEiCccQFjAKegQIAxAB&usg=AOvVaw0EJfvemWQOoeJ0QfwPdwKS
  1. Burke's alcohol -
The most common orange-yellow liquor in the UK is whiskey, and because the grain law was abolished at that time, the price of various brewing materials was lowered, and the liquor was cheaper than before.
One of the sources I looked into while researching suggested that Burke may have created his one bottle himself due to the fact that before the 17th century the shapes of wine bottles were mostly blowing by independent craftsmen and after not many wineries created them until much later. But my research into the topic makes me think that the dates simply don't line up. The 1600s was far earlier than when this story takes place, I find it more likely that his bottle could be a gin case bottle: Case gin bottles are square with a more or less distinct taper inwards from the shoulder to the base. This design closely aligns with that of Burke's bottle, in the color of gin it said to have a slightly yellow tint, but in the promotional art for mad eyes we could see that his bottle contains a vividly orange liquid. Could be a decorative flask which would mean that Burke made it or had a friend do so, The only thing which makes me reluctant on this possibility is that most decorative flasks have designs on them, but Burke's appears rather basic. considering that the time frame for the bottle fits that of the case gin bottles it wouldn't be too far of a stretch too assume that this was the bottle he used and he simply filled it with a different liquid. After all his character day notes say that one of his favorite things is vodka which definitely doesn't fit the description of what would be in the bottle.
Whatever he's drinking and regardless of how many alcoholic problems he had he's precious.
https://sha.org/bottle/liquor.htm
  1. What is a "Burke"? -
The surname Burke is derived from the Old English word "burh," which is derived from the Old German word "burg," the common Germanic word for a fortification. It seems likely that the first family to bear this surname would have lived in or near a prehistoric fort situated on a hill.
https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.houseofnames.com/amp/burke-family-crest
This name is rather apt considering who Burke is. In a literal sense He's able to construct walls to keep out people he deems as intruders. But on a deeper level he's built a fortification around himself.
  1. Snazzy Accessories -
While this isn’t directly related to his design some of his accessories reveal to us more about his character
Good Old Times -
“A watering can that Burke discovered while tidying up the laboratory. It was full of flowers and plants which reminded him of days gone by.”
Violin -
“His right hand may not be fully functional and his violin may have been slightly damaged in an incident, but Burke enjoys music still. Practice really does make perfect.”
(shows that the loss of his arm came later on in his life and that he had some interesting talents)

To be an architect (a brief exploration into the architecture tendencies of the time):
The Manor was built on speculation (meaning it was built without any intended buyers).
Now we've never seen the entirety of the manner which means that we can only piece together what we know of it from the sections where we explore pieces of the inside and from parts of external view.
What we do know is that around the time the manor was sold for a fairly cheap price, these types of estates were symbols of status which shows that while these people may not have been the most wealthy they did come from a significant social standing.
https://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/history/modern-europe/middle-ages/manorial-system/history#:~:text=Gradual%20decline%20took%20place%20with,Middle%20Ages%20(see%20commune%20).
The background of the manor was originally designed with aspects of the 20th century, but based on many deductions and later official changes, the background in the game can be determined to occur in the 19th century. The 19th century was a period of great popularity of romanticism, and under the influence of it, architectural changes also took place-called romantic architecture. The 1830s to 1860s was the early stage of the development of romantic architecture, also known as pre-romanticism. Medieval castle-style mansions and even Eastern architectural sketches appeared.
https://architecture_history.enacademic.com/255/ROMANTIC_ARCHITECTURE
It has been stated that he may be inspired by Edmund Burke, a Canadian architect from the 19th and 20th century. But this is a loose connection. But he has done some gothic revival and similar style buildings
The background
Next, let’s talk about a background story that may be related to Barker’s deduction. This is the manor’s background story previously released by the official WeChat account, but there are many omissions, which have now been deleted. However, if you compare the cannon with this background you'll see some interesting similarities that correlate to Burke
[Background story that was later scrapped]
Everything starts with Winston Manor (also known as Oulitis Manor):
In the 20th century in Europe, a young couple bought a huge estate in a remote mountain area at a low price. The reason why this manor was so cheap is because the reputation this manor had was not very good (because of the rumors of the past generations) and because of the bad reputation, there were no neighbors around.
After the couple moved into the manor, they renovated the manor, they enjoy Western mythology, which is why the manor is full of it

Just when everyone thought that this family would live a happy life forever, something that no one wanted to mention happened: 24 years ago, the protagonist ushered in his 12th birthday, which was originally a happy thing. However, on this day, the protagonist experienced the saddest thing in the world-he witnessed the brutal murder of his parents by bandits, and the cause of this tragic case was only: the impromptu killings of the surrounding refugees because of the theft. They deliberately created a cruel crime scene afterwards in an attempt to disrupt the clues.
(keep in mind this background story was scrapped although parts of it may still be true)
https://zhuanlan.zhihu.com/p/35774811
Here's the link to the full story if you'd like to read it.
The owner of the manor that we see first strongly relates to the deross family we see and Burke's deductions. I'll start going over those here.
Mad eyes deduction
  1. Contract - It used to be a proper job.
Damaged Contract: Signed by Dennis DeRoss and Burke Lapadura.
Combining the background story mentioned earlier, after the couple bought the manor, they started looking for an architect who could work to rebuild it. Burke was young and arrogant, and had a certain reputation, not afraid of the ominous rumors that had spread around the manor he decided to take on the opportunity to work there and pursue his design goal. Considering the reputation that the manor had (as noted in the background story), many workers were dissuaded from pursuing employment at the manor. Due to this, it was the once fearless and talented Burke who undertook most of the architectural design work.
  1. Test Ground - Some saw ruins, while I saw "potential".
Archive 1: Attached are architectural plans for symmetrical towers. A rectangular area is marked in red at the center of the building.
Generally speaking, in regards to architectural designs, red and rectangular marks have special meanings
For example, it can be used to reserve a column position (as is seen in this picture)
This means that, for whatever reason, the floor should be reserved during construction. According to the location, the red rectangle on Barker's drawing may refer to the secret room or safe room that is mentioned later in his deductions. In short, the work entrusted to him by the couple gave full play to his talents and gave him free reign of his architectural abilities, this was an enjoyable endeavor for Burke to undertake.
  1. Labor Force - Robots are more reliable than humans.
Archive 2: Archived drawings of a strange humanoid structure. It seems that hundreds of parts need to be made to complete the design.
As mentioned earlier, most of the design tasks in the manor are done by him alone, and there are many bad rumors about the manor (so maybe not many people are willing to work here), and Burke is not the type who likes to communicate with people. In this case, what he thought of was to make his own form of labor that could help him, aka robots. The specific humanoid structure mentioned in this deduction most likely refers to Guard 26 or BonBon, a metal penguin which he is responsible for creating to help him with his tasks.
  1. Strange Kid - I don't like those noisy living creatures. They give me headaches.
Diary 1: Mr. and Mrs. DeRoss made new building requests, and they even bought their own staff. There was also a strange boy in this annoying group who showed great interest in my studio. I have to find a way to keep him away from my treasures.
Even if he is obsessed with architecture, burke is still very sensitive to changes in the world outside of his direct hobbies. From his point of view the child is getting in his way and putting himself into dangerous situations due to his excessive curiosity
The DeRoss couple seem to care for Burke. But Burke, most likely around his twenties at the time and potentially still a child from the perspective of the older DeRoss couple, obviously only wants to work on his own and in solitude.
A popular theory (translated by @mayousailor on Twitter from @sky5memo - link below) is that The staff the DeRoss family brought included the family of the "strange boy" as he is stated to be "among" the group. The 4th deduction of bonbon supports this: "The little rascal’s gone and misplaced some valuable things again, after coming back from his 'true' parents". One interpretation if this is that he's stealing things for his biological family. Despite who his biological family is, we know the child is at the very least the children the DeRoss's to some extent, most likely through adoption.
In bane's character day letter (and in BonBon's 6th deduction) we get to see that bane is connected to Burke though his occupation on the manor as the gamekeeper. In the letter he states:
"You haven’t come out of the laboratory in almost a month, and the Young Miss - who I'll get to later - and Young Master have started to run into the woods."
If the boy is the young master that means that he has to have some status above that of a common worker.
The assumption that the boy was the son of servants, but eventually adopted by Dennis and his wife, makes this make a lot more sense.
By the way, if you use Mad Eyes in the game, turn the screen to the side and you can see that Burke has a pair of very lovely green eyes. he should have been very handsome when he was young (after all, children are preceptive to appearance and a handsome face will likely gain favor with them, who knows? It could have played a role in why the young boy liked him)
  1. Secret Chamber - Is there a safer place than a room you can't find?
Diary 2: That kid is so annoying. Every time I look back, I can always see his clothes or shoes sticking out from the corner. What an idiot.
With more and more people moving in, the manor is gradually approaching its completion, although Burke is still being hired to continue the expansion work. After mulling over the situation, he decided to move much of his work into the secret room, thinking that he would not be discovered by others working there (is there a safer place than a room that can’t be found?" I think my plan is great!). A potential theory for why he decided to move into this room could have just been that he preferred to work on the tasks that he knew he had to complete in solitude - and with the house growing more populated his room provided him a sanctuary.
But one of the many impossibilities of children is that they have an amazing perception. The secret room Burke spent so long constructing and hiding was easily found by the boy. The child would often secretly watch Burke working in this room. Maybe he wanted to be able to play with Burke (after all, his sister was not born yet so he was possibly lonely), and Burke - unlike the other servants - hasn't had much contact with the child, so it is understandable that he'd be curious. Burke's account explains that he can tell that the child's watching him and he says he finds it annoying - however he never actually does anything to stop him from observing his work.
Burke's words and actions are contradictory but help show who he is as a person - he is strict in his tone, but soft in his heart: Although he said that the child is very annoying and stupid, he did not reprimand the boy or drive him away, but silently complained while indulging the boys curiosity.
  1. Number 26 - This is a breakthrough.
Test Record 1: After No. 26 was instructed to take Wooden Box 1, No. 26 stopped moving after taking Wooden Box 1. After No. 26 was instructed to take any numbered Wooden Box except Box 1, No. 26 left the experimental zone after taking the boxes and began to move towards the unnumbered boxes.
Bark’s experiment (No.26) has made new progress. The 26th iteration of his invention is finally somewhat successful and has a certain degree of autonomy, the robot picks up its designated boxes, within proceeds to pick up boxes which aren't even in the testing zone, contributing that it has the ability to carry out actions it's not programmed with. This will be further explained when I do the video on BonBon, but Burke's creation is something he himself has yet to fully comprehend.
  1. Another - I should have seen it coming.
Diary 3: Darn it, humans will reproduce. I should remember that well. My employer was a young couple, and of course, they had children! The only thing to be grateful for was that the brat's attention was completely diverted to "Miss DeRoss", because that gave me time to finish my work. (Optimize secret room)
Time passed, and the boy had his own sister (the child the young couple gave birth to) and everyone's attention was focused on "Miss Delos" - which is the name of the baby. There were no children to bother for a while, and Burke began to optimize his secret room (aka man cave) and guard 26.
  1. Small issue - They will never surprise me anymore.
Test Record 2: After No. 26 was given the command to start, it started playing a voice that was never input. Curse those brats! Miss DeRoss, in particular, should stay away from my Robots! They don't need names like cats and dogs.
Burke continued his experiments. During this time, he was continuing work on Guard 26, his Magnum opus. "Miss Deros" had also grown up with her brother, and had become a new headache for poor Burke. They take to giving names befitting pets to his creations. Most notably when the little girl gives guard 26 the name BonBon, which the robot files in his memory banks. Burke find these names childish and he is seen in some of BonBon's deductions trying to erase this name from his memory bank.
What's even more interesting is how he responds in tweets. Idv Twitter in Japan likes to post character responses to questions and statements posted by fans. Pascal/uranatte (link to his Twitter in description and his koi-fi or you can support is good work and translations if you'd like)
https://twitter.com/mayousailor?s=09
https://ko-fi.com/pascalim
Q:
“Bonbon? Bunbun? Penpen? Banban? Which one–––!!!?”
A:
……… It’s No. 26
Q:
“Bonbon’s Penpen is so cute but I can’t roll Bonbon’s Hophop”
A:
It’s No. 26 No. 26 No. 26!!
Q:
“Bonbon–!
It’s Halloween–!
Have some liqueur bonbons!”
A:
“Bonbon” comes from the “Bom” of “Bomb”, not from bonbon the candy……
…… Anyways, its name isn’t Bonbon in the first place!!
It’s No. 26!!
Here mad eye gets defensive about how his name is in reference to his bombs. He seems to act as if he doesn't like guard 26's nickname but he is quick to defend it.
Q:
“Banban becoming a Mister Bear is so cute. I’m looking forward to it Penpen”
A:
It’s neither Banban nor Mister Bear and it’s not Penpen either!!
It’s Bonbon!!
………………………………
…… Wait, no!!
It’s No. 26!!
Here Burke is shown slipping up and calling him bonbon himself. He may not like the name but at least in some subconscious part of him it stuck.
Burke's daily life in the old manor was probably like this often, having to deal with kids giving his inventions silly little names. despite his stated distaste for it he never actually does anything significant to stop them and doesn't really start seriously changing BonBon until after the incident (which will be mentioned later) he is a very warm guy but seems to be having a headache from everyone's stupidity 24/7
  1. The mob - Human's stupidity always amazes me.
Target:
Deduction: Diary 4: They took everyone, including the children. I should have set the Robot to guard this place. It's too late, it's far too late.
The story here should correspond to the gangster in the original background story:
24 years ago, the protagonist ushered in his 12th birthday. This was originally a happy thing, but on this day, the protagonist experienced the saddest thing in the world. He witnessed the brutal murder of his parents by bandits, but the cause of this tragic case was only: the impromptu homicide of the surrounding refugees because of the theft, they deliberately created a cruel crime scene afterwards in order to disturb the clues.
Of course, there is a big discrepancy between Burke's deduction and this, for example, in Burke's cannon telling not only was the couple killed, but everyone except himself (supposedly). There are some significant differences between them but what's important is the continuity: That the manor was overrun by a mob and people died.
But the weird thing is that in that historical period, would there be such a big riot in Britain?
A search for riots in Britain around that time shows some potential candidates:
Swing Riots were a widespread uprising in 1830 by agricultural workers in southern and eastern England, in protest at agricultural mechanisation and harsh working conditions. This time period is a few decades before the time suggested by his appearance, but there is a long gap between the end of his deduction story and his time as a hunter, so there is a significant possibility that these riots could be responsible for what happened.
The Bread Riots 1847 to 1867. Resulting in the price of bread rising steeply, and this, in turn, led to a feeling of discontent. Ultimately rioting broke out against shopkeepers and angry citizens. These riots take place later on and are less likely to be the cause of the one faced by Burke and the DeRoss family.
Both of these riots may not be directly related, but the poor working conditions at the time which spurred these riots may have played a role in the one we see with the manor. It is possible the DeRoss family was simply swept up against an angry mob that held destain for those of a higher economic status due to conditions for those in poverty at the time.
(!): It’s Miss Teros and likely the boy that came with the workers.
  1. Sentinel - Ah, such a long wait, but they’ll be back, won’t they?
Archive 3: Archived drawings of a strange humanoid structure. Lots of new parts that look like weapons were added.
(According to the background story that may be changed,) Later the manor received a new owner. The new owner was different from the previous family, but he was willing to take in Burke, who had lost his job and "family". Burke continued to work at the manor, doing some basic reconstruction.
He continued to experiment in the manor while waiting for the family in the past to return here. He blamed himself for their disappearance because he was unable to protect them as he always wanted to do. In the second Bonbon deduction it's revealed that Burke created him in part to help with "babysit" the kids, the 6th deduction shows that he tweaked the bomb function in order to help defend the kids who had a tendency for wandering in the dangerous poacher filled forest.
But BonBon wasn't set to protect when the attack happened, so the family was defenseless. Burke took refuge in his safe room, but for whatever reason (whether it be out of stubbornness, fear, or simply that Burke possibly never informed them of the place) the family faced the threat head on. After this disaster, Burke refused to commit previous mistakes, he added a large number of weapon parts to his machines - new and old. He built them to possess immeasurable firepower, so that even children can be protected. Maybe they will never come back, maybe they will return to the manor tomorrow. With this idea, Bark has been waiting, gradually aging, and making himself look completely different from the past through modification. But if they do have a return, seeing Burke today, could they even recognize that this was once their talented architect, that this was once their "family"
As it turns out Burke's hope isn't entirely misplaced. The name of the father of the DeRoss family is Dennis (as he is referred to), however in other characters deductions there's mention of another character in the family who commonly goes by "Barron DeRoss" and is known to be the owner of the manor. (@sky5memo on Twitter proposes something interesting)
https://twitter.com/sky5memo?s=09
((Please note that this was originally in Japanese and was translated by the previously mentioned Pascal, again links for him are down below)). He states that Barron de Ross may actually be the (supposedly) adopted son we read about in Burke's deductions - implying that he never died. The evidence to support this theory can be found in Martha's character day letter to Barron DeRoss where she writes:
"Do not forget the tragedy that happened to your family."
In addition to this the Second Anniversary Pack. Contained within it some pretty interesting information. Contained in the pack is a story titled "Letter to an Older Brother", from the DeRosses' daughter. The title of this letter itself implies that the son eventually became welcomed into the family if he wasn't their child to begin with.
In the letter is this quote (please keep in mind that Pascal translated this from Japanese, but it originally had to have been translated it from Chinese, so it may be a little off):
"Please don't blame yourself for the death of my parents; You loved them even more than I did, didn't you? And I know you tried your hardest to help them, too. The fact that I'm even alive now is proof of that."
This essentially cements the fact that Dennis DeRoss and his wife were killed by the brutal mob depicted in Burke and Bonbon's deductions. The boy viciously fought to protect the daughter which would explain how she survived.
As for Martha's letter, if we assume that Baron DeRoss is actually this adopted servant boy, the statement regarding the tragedy that befell his family makes more sense.
In addition bonbon's 9th deduction reveals that in the mob attacking the manor there were "familiar faces" in the crowd. While this may be referring to the dangerous poachers that had been seen by the family before, it makes more sense that it was the family of the servant boy as it was extremely likely that the mob took place due to issues of economic status and class. In an attack like this, a servant family would be more likely to participate than some poachers.
To summarize this part: we can theorize that the young girl and boy both managed to escape the attack from the mob thanks to courageous actions from the boy. The boy seems to blame himself for the death of the parents and the young girl wants to console him for it stating that he loved them even more than she did. This boy could have grown up to become Barron DeRoss, however this is not 100% certain. There's also the possibility that all the characters who mention Barron DeRoss are referring to the father before the incident took place.
In addition other letters from different characters reveal more information about Barron DeRoss.
Jack for instance notes in his character day letter that his mentor - James - was good friends with Barron DeRoss, however, due to a weakening body, he wasn't able to go meet him in person and thusly sent Jack in his stead.
In addition to The previously mentioned quote from this letter about not forgetting the tragedy that befell the Barron's family- Martha's letter contains more interesting clues. It appears as if she sent the letter regarding a job opportunity that seems to have some sketchy undertones. She essentially asked him to create for her a new identity in exchange for working for him.
The magician's letter reveals that Baron DeRoss decided to get in contact with servias about a “missing gentleman”. Not much is revealed about the context of this.
In Robbie's character letter which is sent from an nun from the orphanage where he attended it is revealed that the Baron is an expert in mental illness (it is possible the mental trauma experienced by his sister due to the mob incident spurred him pursue this field of study, or conversely if the Baron's identity is the father it's possible that he was already an expert in this field). it is also stated that he may intend to donate to the facility - showing that he's a man of wealth.
This is just a simple summary for these character letters, and I will explain more about them should I do videos on their character stories individually, But what they essentially reveal is that the Baron is a powerful man. It's unknown if Burke finds out later in his life that anyone survived the attack, But the last piece of information were given from Burke's perspective is that he's waiting patiently at the manner in hopes that they had survived, an in hopes will one day return.
This regret Burke feels is reflected more in some of his other Twitter responses:
https://twitter.com/mayousailor?s=09
(Translations sourced from Pathcal)
Q:
Response to the Valentine's day event
A:
"I see, today was Valentines’ Day, was it.
Thanks for doing all this for someone like me.
It’s almost like… like having grandkids…"
Q:
“So Burke-san’s face looks like this…”
A:
"Why, have I never shown it to you?
Well, it’s fine either way.
Appearances are, for both people and machines alike,
Just ways of hiding that they’re empty inside.
All that’s important is what they’re like deep down, and nothing else."
Q:
“Every time I see this skin this is what I think…… I wonder if Grampy Burke is feeling hot…… Don’t get burned okay… Take care, Grampy Burke……”
A:
What in the… No need for worryin’!
Why, to think you’d care, what a sweet grandki……
… Wait a minute, I don’t remember having grandkids!
Extra little tidbits:
This is just an interesting interaction from the Twitter account I couldn't really tie in elsewhere -
Q:
“So Burke-san’s face looks like this…”
A:
"Why, have I never shown it to you?
Well, it’s fine either way.
Appearances are, for both people and machines alike,
Just ways of hiding that they’re empty inside.
All that’s important is what they’re like deep down, and nothing else."
There's something to be said about recognizing the importance of what's on the inside. Burke never was really fascinated with appearance despite how he probably looked rather attractive in his youth. (Joseph could take a lesson from him) ((and I oop-))
His character day hasn't happened yet but I'll probably make a comment for it when it does. Till then I'll put down what I know
The character day is: November 27th
His occupation: architect
Interests: Machines, mechanisms, buildings
Talents: Machines, mechanisms, buildings
dislikes: People who destroy buildings and use the facilities without permission
Likes: Machines, mechanisms, buildings, VODKA (yeah boys)
Burke is one of the few hunters with a known surname, along with Bane Perez, Joseph Desaulniers and Leo Beck.
He is 1 of only 3 Difficulty Level 3 Characters, the others being William Ellis and Yidhra.
Now that I'm nearing the end I think I'll propose my answer to one last question - what's his purpose in hunting? If I were to guess I would say that in his eyes his hunting is done to protect the manor. He wasn't invited here to kill people, he may not have been invited here at all, what's known for certain is that he never left, he's always been here. He spent years regretting his decision to watch everything happen in hiding, in this time it's not going to be that way again. Everyone else is invading his sanctuary and this time he's not going to hide. He'll fight to protect his home.
I want to give credit to these people for a lot of the information presented here.
马一甲 on Sharelib and Lofter -
I talked to them previous to making this asking them for permission to include some of their research. Provides background information on the historical context for mad eye and historical context (a lot of the information contained in here is translated and contained within this analysis, this was a massive help and I strongly suggest you support them)
https://ds.163.com/webapp/share/users/c18ad93b15e74e72a0218f2860877484/articles/5cd96d57517f0f6c8c2569db
Mayousailor on Twitter -
Has amazing translations for basically anything from the game you'd ever want to look at and provides a few theories of his own. Translates character deductions, letters, tweets and more.
https://twitter.com/mayousailor?s=09
https://ko-fi.com/pascalim
Sky5memo on Twitter
Constructed a few of their own theories (these theories were translated by Mayousailor above)
https://twitter.com/sky5memo?s=09
submitted by -FernFeather- to IdentityV [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 05:09 floppywithdrive PA Medical Marijuana - Disorderly Conduct

So I live in PA, where medical marijuana is legal, and I have a card. I have a court date in 10 days, so I'd like to ask some clarifying questions as I do not have a lawyer and I will need to represent myself.
Here's the situation: I went camping for July 4th with a fairly large (15?) group of people at a state park, where alcohol is prohibited. The park rangers came up to the campsite after quiet hours for noise, searched the site and confiscated the alcohol. When I dumped out my drink they found my bowl. It hadn't been used that day and had mostly ash in the bowl and some remnants of plant matter. They asked me to get my ID, at which point I also presented my medical card. The card had expired the week of or week after quarantine was mandated in PA (week of March 16th I believe) so I had not gotten it renewed. I explained this to the ranger and he understood.
He then asked, "how do you usually take your medication, do you smoke it?" I indicated yes, that is one way I usually do it. He then explained that under medical laws in PA, you are technically not allowed to smoke weed (no combustion), rather that you have to vaporize it, and that this should have been explained to me at the dispensary. Then he asked if I had any more, which I didn't, he took a quick look around my tent, found nothing then went to write up the report.
He then issued me a citation for disorderly conduct, on the paper the charge is noted as 18 § 5503 § A4 (Lead). When the citation came in the mail, the nature of the offense was noted as "Defendant did create a hazardous condition which serves no legitimate purpose to wit. Did possess and use marihuana and drug paraphenalia (sic)." There was no indication that I had a medical marijuana card. Though I understand the medical laws state no combustion of product, only vaporization, several questions here.
How could the state definitively prove that I created "a hazardous or physically offensive condition by any act which serves no legitimate purpose of the actor," especially the part "with intent to cause public inconvenience, annoyance or alarm, or recklessly creating a risk thereof..."?
  1. Wouldn't having a medical marijuana card prove I had a legitimate purpose? Is the ranger's omission of this fact on the statement fair? Even if it was expired at the time - because as of writing this, according to the PA Medical Marijuana renewal policy, "Effective July 30, 2020 you no longer need to renew your registration in order to maintain your participation in the Medical Marijuana Program." And especially since the reason I didn't have it renewed was a global pandemic.
  2. How can the state definitively prove I intended to cause public inconvenience/annoyance/alarm or recklessly create a risk when the issue here is between my own administration of my medication to my person? The reason the rangers came over was for alcohol and noise (which I wasn't even making and they could not prove which ones of us were?). They completely allowed the alcohol and noise violations through with no citation to the group, including someone who had a jar of plant matter that they claimed was just "plants" and which the ranger allowed through, yet I was criminalized for having my bowl for my medical marijuana while silently sitting there, not talking back to the rangers like one in the group was doing. This seems like a very broad sense of the words used in the law and that the burden should be on them to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that my actions had an effect on the surrounding public.
  3. Even though in violation of the specific medical marijuana laws in the state, how could the state on one hand recognize that medical marijuana is legitimate then turn around and criminalize its method of administration? Especially since there are increased talks of recreational marijuana legalization here in the state? As recently as Thursday, September 3rd, Gov. Tom Wolf renewed his call to legalize recreational weed (1 2 3). I know talks obviously are not bills introduced into legislation but if the state is beginning to recognize the legitimacy of adult recreational use of marijuana, why should medical marijuana patients be criminalized for taking their medication a different way than suggested? I'm camping - no electricity - not going to worry about charging the supposed vape pen I would have needed to be on the official legal side.
Now, I asked a friend who said I could have argued that there was no evidence that the bowl was ever used to smoke marijuana without them doing resin tests (HPLC / liquid chromatography) on the bowl, claiming it was strictly used for hemp flower due to the passing of the 2018 Farm Bill under Title X - Horticulture > Other Provisions > Hemp Production, which makes it legal for individuals to possess and smoke hemp without a card. Though I indicated that in general I do smoke to take my medication, I did not indicate that it was marijuana in the bowl or that I had smoked out of it. He assumed the usage of the bowl for marijuana and that I had been the user, and wrote that on the statement. Could this also be another legitimate angle of defense?
Are any of my angles of defense legitimate? I have very little legal knowledge, and figure I might as well try to explain the contradiction of charging a medical patient for their own personal use and administration of necessary, state-legitimized medication. Thanks in advance.
submitted by floppywithdrive to legaladvice [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 04:21 PremiumIOL One is too many: a wing departure analysis

I became slightly less stupid and read the "help" section of the NTSB accident report database and did some searches. This subreddit likes to talk a lot about how the wings fall off of Pipers and as someone who flies Pipers a little more often than Cessnas recently it made me paranoid so I did some digging. I couldn't run any statistics because these numbers are way too small.
Purpose: To evaluate in flight breakup in common GA aircraft due to previously unknown fatigue, crafts, or defective airframe.
Methods: I searched by selective key words in the NTSB database. These include "wing separated" or "stabilator separated", and "fatigue". I included fatigue in every search because the NTSB often comments about evidence of pre-existing fatigue and I wanted to make sure I was allocating these accurately. I read through a lot of reports but narrowing it down to instances where the airframe broke up in the air and the NTSB commented on fatigue helped a lot. I read through them to differentiate what I call the "insidious" causes for the accidents from the "attributable" causes. Essentially, an insidious accident happened despite standard maintenance and operating within aircraft limitations. Under Attributable causes were loss of control, flight into IMC, disorientation, operating outside the limitations, etc. I evaluated the PA28 variations, 172, 177, 182, and 210. I included the 177 and 210 to see if the cantilever wing made a difference.
Hypothesis: I expected to find a lot of cases of Pipers falling apart in VMC during normal cruise flight.
Results:
PA28
C172
C177
C182
C210
*Note: This number includes after the aircraft has collided with terrain.
Conclusion
I was able to find 2 instances of a maintained PA28 breaking apart during a normal operation. Of the thousands and thousands of PA28s that have ever flown, is that a lot? I'll let you decide. If you say no, it's understandable because it truly appears to be a freak occurrence. If you say yes, it's understandable because I was not able to find a record a Cessna product experiencing mid-air breakup for "no reason." I use that loosely because there's always a reason. For PA28, twice now the reason was wing spar fatigue in an area that's not easily evaluated by maintenance. Does it also appear that wings come off for any reason (including striking the ground post-crash) more often than Cessnas? Yes, but remember how many variants of PA28 there are.
Other interesting observations were it did indeed seem that 210s experienced more mid-air, pre-crash breakups when under stress beyond their limitations than 172s or 182s. The numbers are far too small for analysis but maybe that strut is for something other than looks.
Is staying out of bad weather and not maneuvering outside the limitations a safe bet? Probably, but there were some strange things like cylinders blowing and coating the windscreen with oil that are also quite unexpected and of course how many of us are going to make sure the nuts connecting the 172 struts are installed? I did see a lot of "EXCEEDED STRESS LIMITS OF AIRCRAFT".
Any feedback is appreciated, I'd like to know if I'm missing anything. This is really morbid but I think reviewing data makes us safer.
submitted by PremiumIOL to flying [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 00:36 Beanz122 I made a website that will tell you where in michigan you can drop off your ballot rather than mailing it

http://www.ballotdropoffbox.com
Hey fellow Michiganders! About a month ago I saw someone post a pdf of ballot box locations in Michigan. Since I was recently laid off due to COVID, and finally decided to do SOMETHING with my life, so I decided this would be a good project to start. The website only has Michigan for now. From what I've found, Michigan is the only state with a nice-and-tidy PDF I could easy pull the addresses from. Every other state I'll have to go through each and every county website to find ballot box addresses...it will take a while.
Also, while I was making this website The Michigan SOS (scroll decided to search by county) decided take the initiative and make the exact same website I was intending on making...though its not a complete waste since I intend on putting more states than just Michigan on it.
Let me know what you think about the site. This is my first major coding project so I'm still pretty green and prone to mistakes. If I have time, I'll make mobile look better, but some states (North Carolina) are already submitting their absentee ballots...so we'll see. I'm already aware of a bug regarding the google map not loading some addresses. I'll resolve this in the coming days.
As I mentioned in my About Page. As far as I'm concerned, delivering your ballot to a drop box is a near 100% guarnatee it will be received by election officials. Whereas by mailing, theres a chance it'll get backed up with the high volume of other voters' ballots. The more we encourage others to use this website and reduce the load on the post office, the smoother the election will be. So I guess what I'm saying, is show this to everyone you know to spread the word.
Enjoy!
Edit: And now that I'm at home on my 24in monitor, I think I need to fix the css a bit
submitted by Beanz122 to Michigan [link] [comments]


2020.09.20 12:20 RealFullMetal Share beautifully crafted Travel Experiences

Hi Folks,
I had an idea from my recent travel experience, would love to get some feedback on whether it's useful or not.
After my recent trip, I wanted to quickly write my travel experience (with photos, videos and text) and share it with my friends and co-workers as a simple Url. On searching, I realised only way to do that would be through a blog; which is time consuming to build and get a well crafted site (HTML, CSS, JS complexity) or share something like a word document/pdf which isn't the most elegant or the best for sharing travel experiences.
My idea is to give users a beautifully crafted templates (maybe 2-3) and users can simply add their photos, experiences and maybe various map markers and build a "Travel Journal" page which can be built and published in minutes.
This can also be extended to be a centralised platform for people to share and discover travel experiences.
I'm not thinking about monetisation as of now, as there are multiple options like Premium templates, etc.
What do you think about this idea, do you see yourself using it or see any value in it?
Thanks!
submitted by RealFullMetal to AppIdeas [link] [comments]


2020.09.19 23:05 pog99 Alternative Hypothesis/ Ryan Faulk distorts South Africa under Apartheid.

Originally, my plan was to continue on with his article on Slavery in the United States. However, United Left, and some previous posts of mine, more or less already debunk the picture he paints in that article. I still plan to address though at a later date.
This article, perhaps even better than the last, show how thin Faulk's objectivity is. He opens and closes as if he was actually being holistic, but instead leaves a specimen blatant rationalization over a topic common among right-wing circles, the racial history and politics of South Africa. Lets not waste time.

The impact of European colonialism on the world is often described as being profoundly negative. The popular view is that Europeans came, stole resources, destroyed cultures, and committed mass murder all over the earth. By contrast, the prevailing view 100 years ago was that Europe was supplying the world with advanced institutions which they would not develop on their own and, in so doing, was civilizing the world.
Either of these theories might be true, and, to some extent, they both are. It is obviously correct that Europe took resources from places, killed some number of people, and ended various indigenous cultural practices. It is also obviously true that Europe set up various institutions, such as capitalism and democracy, in various parts of the world which had not developed these things on their own.
Does he think state control over, say, African labor during colonialism is Capitalism? Or that limiting Local chiefs from legislation such as in Colonial Nigeria is democracy?
A broad look at the empirical evidence suggests that European colonization helped most people more than it hurt them. Research has shown that the longer, or more heavily, a place was colonized by Europeans the richer it ended up being today (Eaverly and Levine, 2012; Feyrer and Sacerdote, 2006). Moreover, in the 20th century Africa, which is the center of much of the colonization debate, saw tremendous net gains in both wealth and population size (Manning, 2013; Roser; 2016)
Going through each of these, The Easterly study mainly looks at economic growth, and honestly doesn't suffice to explain the specific of African colonial experience in that regard. The second study notes how specific conditions of colonialism influences growth, while the two figures on African population growth shows this to be particularly so in the Post colonial era. Few would consider the first decades of African independence to be embodied by these numbers.
Here's an actual balanced set of studies and explanation on Colonialism in Africa.
I find this broad view compelling, but discussions on colonialism are rarely about the broad view. Instead, people like to talk about the anecdotal experiences of particular countries at particular times, and no anecdote is more often talked about than South African apartheid.
In this article, I will examine the history of South Africa as a case study in European colonialism.
Correction: You will gloss over it in a way that reflects your political biases.
Black Origins
The earliest people known to have occupied South Africa were a type of African called Khosians. Khosians are not the group of people most people think of when they think of Black South Africans. Those are Bantus. Bantu Africans and Khosians Africans look different, traditionally spoke different languages, and lived different sorts of lives. If we turned the clock back 4 thousand years, we would find that the southern half of the African continent was almost entirely inhabited by Khosians.
Some time roughly 3,000 years ago, Bantu Africans began expanding out of eastern and central Africa. As they expanded, they displaced many of the African peoples who had previously lived there. The degree to which this expansion occurred via violence, disease, out breeding, or other means, is unknown.
By 1,000 AD, the Bantu had reached most of South Africa. However, most of the people there were still Khosians. When the Portuguese arrived in South Africa in the 1400’s, they encountered very few Bantu.
As the Bantu expanded, they divided into tribes which then went to war with one another over land. In several African nations, a specific Bantu tribe came to dominate the others and then set up an empire. This occurred in South Africa as well. In the 1810’s and 1820’s, the Zulus conquered many neighboring African tribes and formed the Zulu empire. This empire went on to last almost until South Africa was entirely under White rule.
So a few things worth mentioning, that by 1000 AD, the current trends in a predominately Bantu Eastern half and a predominately Khoisan Western Half was already established.

The Rise of apartheid
While the South African government did not obtain independence from Britain until 1948, the beginnings of Apartheid can be traced back to the land act of 1913. This law made it illegal for Whites to sell land to Blacks and vice versa. By this point, Whites had already conquered or purchased the vast majority of South African land and this law was designed to make sure that this would not change.
Between this time and the 1960’s, the Apartheid government passed many laws which further segregated the races. For instance, inter-racial marriage was banned.
The most often talked about policy of South Africa was the creation of the Bantustans. These were designated “homelands” for Black South Africans. The Apartheid government forcibly moved millions of Blacks from multi-racial areas of South Africa into these Bantustans.
As explained in the report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, the people who established the Bantustans gave the following rational for their motives:
“NP politicians portrayed the homelands as a moral response to South Africa’s ‘multi-national’ reality. Apartheid theorists believed that South Africa was a country containing a number of nations, each developed to a greater or lesser degree. Freedom, they posited, could be realized only by providing the opportunity for each of these nations to exist and develop along its own lines.”
However, critics are quick to point out that the Bantustans consisted of less than a quarter of South Africa’s land even though Blacks made up an overwhelming majority of the nation’s population.
📷
Bantustans also suffered from tremendous poverty. As the Encyclopedia of Britiannia explains:
“The Bantustans were rural, impoverished, underindustrialized, and reliant on subsidies from the South African government.The original hope of the designers of the Bantustan system was that industries would be established along the Bantustan borders to utilize the cheap labour available nearby, but for the most part these hopes went unrealized. Other initiatives to create the illusion of viable economies for the Bantustans also broke down. To the end they were heavily dependent on financial aid supplied by the South African government. Poverty remained acute in the Bantustans, and child mortality rates were extremely high. Despite draconian control of where people were allowed to farm and the number of cattle they were permitted to have, Bantustan lands were oversettled, overgrazed, and hence afflicted with serious soil erosion.”
So far so good. Of course, for this to be an article by Faulk, things would have to sharply turn downward.
The Net Economic Impact of Bantustans
Such critics rarely mention the fact that as can be seen, in 1960, Black South Africans were exactly as poor as Sub-Saharan Africans generally were. By 1980 they were far richer (1).
📷
Given this, it does not seem fair to say, as some people do, that Bantustans caused Blacks to be poor. Prior to being forced into these areas, Black South Africans were just as poor as Sub-Saharan Africans generally were. Had Black South Africans been left totally alone, there is no reason to think that they would have become any richer than the rest of Sub-Saharan Africa let alone richer than they were under Apartheid. The land in Bantustans may have been bad. But this, evidently, was more than made up for by payments from the South African government.
The economic strain caused by the nature of the Bantustans is basically uncontested by actual experts as far as I know. The basis being that the clearly linked demographic disasters linked to their design have been established but ignored by the government since their early existence through the Tomlinson report and previous studies calling for reform.
Voerwerd refusing to spend the recommended budget to actually achieve independence as oppose to partial dependence for black labour, as well as the future migration to urban areas fueled by the increasingly poor conditions, suggest whatever aid given to the homelands were far from sufficient in any meaningful sense.
Height data suggests Living standards indeed deteriorated with the onset of particular labour exploitation events and that future improvements were linked to being apartheid of the same economic benefits that white South Africans were apart of. This would've been undermined had Apartheid not inadvertently fueled migration into white urban areas and new urban areas surrounding the homelands close to white populations.
Thus, whatever growth seen between Apartheid, which eventually became economically weakened from the 1970s to the 1980s, would be in spite of the laws imposed.
See here fore an overview on the arbitrary decision, poor conditions, and deceiving nature of Homeland "independence".

In conjunction with these external pressures, domestic terrorism was rapidly rising in South Africa during this time period. Following the incident in Sharpville, members of the ANC, the leading Black political party in South Africa, formed a military wing called the MK. Among its founders was Nelson Mandela, who was famously thrown in prison in 1962 for committing various acts of terrorism against the South African government.
The most famous incident of said terrorism perpetrated by the MK was the Church Street Bombing of 1983. This attack consisted of a car bomb being set off in the middle of the day on a busy street. 19 people were killed and over 200 were wounded. 📷
This is but one example from a list of many similar terrorist attacks that occurred, mostly in the 1980’s. During this time, the MK also gained a reputation for torturing prisoners.
On top of all this, in 1989 the South African president suffered a stroke that caused him to resign from office. F.W. De Klerk took his place after being elected by congress and was then re-elected by the electoral college.
De Klerk eliminated as many of the Apartheid laws as he could and, after freeing Nelson Mandela, entered into negotiations to end Apartheid.
Following the announcement of these negotiations, De Klerk’s party, the National Party, lost a national election to the pro apartheid Conservative Party. This was taken to indicate that the (White) people of South Africa did not want Apartheid to end and so De Klerk decided to hold a national referendum on whether or not to continue his negotiations to end apartheid.
The referendum was conducted in 1992 and the public was taken to have voted to end Apartheid. However, the referendum has been heavily criticized on several grounds. First, the South African government owned the media and this meant that the public only got a biased presentation of one viewpoint (Schonteich et al., 2003). Secondly, western powers were expected to plunge South Africa into a recession if they voted no (Wren, 1993). Thirdly, serious accusations of voter fraud have been made. Regardless, the negotiations continued and in 1994 Apartheid was ended.
Some Whites tried to resist the vote by setting up smaller areas of White control, but such efforts largely subsided after several Whites were executed on live TV by Black police officers. As one author wrote:
“the sight of three wounded AWB men pleading for their lives on live television and then shot in cold blood [by black policemen] had a powerful impact on the country’s Whites.”
Following the end of Apartheid, Nelson Mandela was elected president of the new South African government.
So there's an impression left here that'll pick up on later, but to give you a hint, Faulk doesn't tell you exactly who the executed whites were.
National Success Since Apartheid
Unfortunately, since Apartheid ended South Africa has declined on many metrics of national health.
Under apartheid GDP per capita usually grew roughly in sync with the rest of the World. This trend began to collapse in the 1980’s following the introduction of sanctions against the country. After apartheid ended, GDP per capita not only stagnated but, in fact, fell such that South Africans were poorer in 2002 than they were in 1982.
📷
World Bank
Of course what it also shows is an eventual recovery.
In 1980, South Africa has an unemployment rate of 9.8% (Murwirapachena et al., 2013). By 2002, that figure had risen to 30.4%, and in 2014 it was still nearly 3 times as high as it was in 1980 (Murwirapachena et al., 2013; World Bank) .
What he doesn't show is this disparity occurring before Apartheid ended, almost 10 years prior in fact.
Under Apartheid, South Africa had a longer average life expectancy than Sub-Saharan Africa generally did. Since Apartheid ended, life expectancy has stagnated and fallen such that life expectancy was almost 10 years higher in 1992 than it was in 2002.
📷
World Bank
Like the GDP, it saw a recovery.
Murder rates in South Africa began to rise in the 1970’s. Given the national turmoil of this time period, an increase in crime is unfortunate but not surprising. Perhaps less obvious, however, is the fact that murder rates exploded following the end of apartheid. As can be seen, this has disproportionately impacted Whites.
📷
(Thompson, 2004)
That is actually not supported by the data. Coloreds in South Africa make up roughly the same percentage as whites, yet their victimizations are night and day. That's actually the point of the study.
These declines have not just impacted White South Africans. The wealth gap between Blacks and Whites in South Africa was slightly lower under Apartheid than it is today.
📷(Leibbrandt et al., 2012)
This, taken in conjunction with the fact that GDP growth has slowed since Apartheid ended, implies that both Blacks and Whites in south Africa would likely be richer today if Apartheid were still in place.
Moreover, Black South Africans reported feeling less happy and less satisfied with their lives in 2008 than they did in the early 1980’s.
📷(Moller, 1998; Gaibie and Davids, 2009)
📷(Moller, 1998; Gaibie and Davids, 2009)
Thus, it seems that the economic, physical, and psychological health of South Africa has gotten worse since Apartheid ended.
The 1980s, mind you, being Apartheid at it's economical weakest compared to previous decades, going towards the trend of less government restrictions.
Kill the Boers
Anti-White racism has also risen since Apartheid ended. Today, there is a wave of mass murder being waged against the descendants of the Boers.This is how the situation was described by the president of Genocide Watch:
“Afrikaner farm owners are being murdered at a rate four times the murder rate of other South Africans, including Black farm owners. Their families are also subjected to extremely high crime rates, including murder, rape, mutilation and torture of the victims. South African police fail to investigate or solve many of these murders, which are carried out by organized gangs, often armed with weapons that police have previously confiscated. The racial character of the killing is covered up by a SA government order prohibiting police from reporting murders by race. Instead the crisis is denied and the murders are dismissed as ordinary crime, ignoring the frequent mutilation of the victims’ bodies, a sure sign that these are hate crimes*.*However, independent researchers have compiled accurate statistics demonstrating convincingly that murders among White farm owners occur at a rate of 97 per 100,000 per year, compared to 31 per 100,000 per year in the entire South African population, making the murder rate of White SA farmers one of the highest murder rates in the world.” Leon Parkin & Gregory H. Stanton, President – Genocide Watch14 August 2012
These murders are not only common place, they are also gruesome. Attie Potgieter was stabbed over 150 times while his wife and daughter, who were later executed, were made to watch.
📷
Dr. Louis John Botha was thrown into a crocodile pit and eaten alive.
📷
As a final example, consider the Viana family. The father and daughter were shot, the mother was raped and killed, and the son was drowned to death in a bath of boiling water.
📷
These murders reflect a more general anti-White sentiment which is ubiquitous in South Africa. Even leaders of the ANC, the party now in charge of the South African government, literally sang songs about killing White people as recently as 2012.
“South Africa’s ruling party on Tuesday defended the singing of an apartheid-era song with the words “Kill the Boer” in a row that has raised fears of increasing racial polarisation.” – Govender (2010)
White South Africans are also discriminated against by various South African institutions in order to make up for the damage that Apartheid institutions are thought to have done to Blacks.
First, there is discrimination in University admissions. Consider, for instance, this report on the University of Cape Town:
“The way in which the university has achieved this diversity, however, is somewhat controversial. To be admitted, white students must score the equivalent of straight A’s. Meanwhile, black and mixed-race students can get in with plenty of B’s. The University of Cape Town doesn’t make this policy a secret — admission cutoffs are listed by race in the prospectus.” – Kelto (2011)
Employers are encourage by the state to discriminate against Whites as well. The Black Economic Empowerment law set up the following point system in the country:
“Points are based on the percentage of blacks and other non-white ethnic groups in the company’s ownership and the skills training it gives to people in these groups. For companies, having a good BEE scorecard is often essential for business. The higher the BEE score they have, the more access they get to public markets and contracts.” – Iob (2013)
Finally, in may of this year South Africa passed the “land expropriation bill” which allows the government to force White South Africans to sell their land to the government at a price that the government decides. The rational behind this law is that it can undue the redistribution of land into the hands of whites which was solidified by the Land Act of 1913.
These factors have led White South Africans to abandon South Africa in large numbers. Since Apartheid ended, over half a million White South Africans have left the country. To put that in perspective, there are less than 5 million Whites in the whole country.
Some White South Africans are unable to emigrate on their own and are asking Western nations for Refugee status. The Canadian government has recently acquiesced to this request and allowed two White South Africans to come to Canada as refugees.
“31-year-old Brandon Huntley from Cape Town said he was constantly called a “white dog” and “settler” by Black South Africans back home. He was also robbed 7 times and stabbed three times by Black South Africans since his home country ended Apartheid in 1994. “There’s a hatred of what we did to them and it’s all about the color of your skin,” Huntley told the Canadian Immigration and Refugee Board.The evidence Huntley provided showed “a picture of indifference and inability or unwillingness of the South African government to protect White South Africans from persecution by African South Africans,” Board Chairman William Davis said.” –
White South Africans are also asking for refugee status from the EU which, in recent years, has allowed tens of thousands of middle eastern and African refugees to cross its borders.
I won't sugarcoat the the economic and social issues of whites currently in South Africa. The problem is, aside from the victimization of Afrikaners (farmers specifically) by murders, the general economic position of whites in South Africa hasn't changed.
As for white emigration, his figure combines the total number of whites (roughly 300k) that have left between 1986 (that is before apartheid fell) and 2000, and roughly 300k between 2000-2015.
Overall, the white population only slightly shrank between 1980 and 2015.

If conquest is not a legitimate means to acquire land, the Zulu and similar Bantu tributes did not justly own South African land, nor did any other tribe of the last few hundred years. After all, this land was conquered from Khoisan and older Bantu tribes.
Moreover, if the Zulu did steal the land, it is not clear that Apartheid was in the wrong for taking it from them. Is it wrong to steal something which is stolen from the thief who stole it?
If, on the other hand, conquest is a valid way to acquire land, then White South Africans had a perfectly legitimate claim on it. This might be taken to imply that there is also nothing wrong with modern Black South Africans taking land from Whites. However, conquering land via war is not the same thing as using a false political narrative about the supposed negative effects of apartheid to take land. Moreover, forcing White people into a society that hates and mass murders them is not analogous to putting Blacks in bantustans which, as we have seen, were not as bad as they are often made out to be.
I consider the morality of conquest to be a difficult question and I won’t try to resolve it here. What I will say is that it is very hard to come up with any principled moral answer which would justify the totality of what is being done to White South Africans.
Where to begin?
  1. Assuming the validity of the right of conquest, that only applies to the right to claim land or wield power over it. That doesn't exempt moral considerations on particular acts directed towards the previous occupiers. That is, if the Zulu Empire lead to the displacement and abuse of other groups like the Khoisan, then they can be morally judged on those grounds. Same can be easily said for victims of the Anglo-Boer wars under concentration camps.
  2. "White South Africans" didn't conquer Bantu lands leading to their annexation, it was the British specifically. Boers more so are responsible for the displacement of the Khoisan in the Western Cape.
  3. "Forced Removals" weren't the direct result of being conquered, annexation was. Forced removals, then, can be viewed as a separate act apart of conquest from war and as a decision by an already formed government. It was these laws that form the basis of land claims, not British colonization in and of itself.
  4. There is noting "false" that was validly demonstrated regarding the effect of Bantustans had on the black population. Nor were the Bantustans "not that bad", as most moved out by 1986.
Political Violence
Another important question is whether or not the political violence initiated by the MK against White South Africans was justified.
Apartheid set up various laws, some of which I would consider unjust. Most importantly, Apartheid severely restricted the right of Blacks to protest. This was the justification that Mandela used for resorting to violence. He had no other choice.
This may be true, and if you think that apartheid’s policies were sufficiently horrible this may justify violence, but there is no way that the indiscriminate violence against innocent and random White south Africans that the MK engaged in can be justified. Their activities, especially in the 1980’s, were morally equivalent to any other act of mass murder.
Further more, as we have seen, Apartheid’s actions were not nearly as bad as they are often thought to have been.
This is what I was alluding to earlier, that terrorism among the Anti-Apartheid movement was directed towards whites mostly. While there were indeed anti-white motivation fueling the movement, the overwhelming majority were black. See here for an understanding.
This whole section is a strawman.
Evaluating Apartheid
Even if Apartheid improved the material and psychological conditions of Black Africans,
It didn't. De facto economic integration efforts was what lead to observed improvements.
On the other hand, the material benefit that Whites brought to South Africa, and Africa generally, was truly immense. Were it not for colonialism, most Africans alive today would have never even been born.
In South Africa, that population growth came from a reaction of concentrated poverty, not wealth.
Fundamentally, the problem of African colonialism is the problem of multi-racialism. So long as Whites allowed Blacks to continue to live in Africa, which could have only been prevented with a massive and horrific genocide, Black Africans were going to resent them.
Except in Botswana, and to a lesser extent Namibia. Both with significantly different approaches to race relations.
As Apartheid shows us, this is true even if the Whites improve the conditions of the Blacks. There will always been a feeling that Whites do not belong there and Blacks will always resent the invariably superior material conditions of Whites.
Probably because many were removed from and forced away from Urban living.
Colonialism of the United States only worked because there aren’t many Indians around anymore.
I get the feeling this is part of his Bitchute video on the topic.
The kind of colonialism practiced in Africa in which Whites would be permanent but ruling minorities in a majority Black nation was never sustainable without an uncomfortable measure of totalitarianism and even then ethnic conflict was still common place.
Again Botswana.
The violence surrounding colonialism was rarely, if ever, one sided. Today, there is a massive level of systemic racism against White South Africans. The fact that this racism is not covered in Western media offers a stark contrast with how the media covered the sins of Apartheid.
The sources of the farm murders and affirmative actions were News24, a relatively left leaning SA news source, NPR, Reuters, Voice of America and the Dailymail. Only one source was an "alternative one", which reported the murder a whole year after News24 did and relied on a mainstream Afrikaner-news report.
These get attention by "Western media".
Overall, the problems of South Africa, both in terms of Blacks resenting their White rulers under Apartheid and Whites experiencing racism today, come from the inherent difficulties of having a multi-racial society. In this sense, the story of South Africa contains lessons not only about colonialism but also about more general and pressing questions of immigration and diversity.
Or, you know, what happens when you don't consider the role of Black Africans in your government, unlike Botswana.
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2020.09.19 18:53 3375000000 The "End Times", the Bible, and Divine Numbers

Time

We are currently in an important transition period of human history as we finish out the old ways of doing, and being, and usher in a new Era of peace, love, and enlightenment. The Bible contains messages/warnings of these times, in both The Book of Daniel and Revelation.
In this article, we will discuss how we have entered a final set of allotted days, the synchronistic and Divine creation of the Bible, and how it is all based upon Pi.
Daniel and Revelation both discuss certain periods of time which are supposed to take place at the end of the world's age. Daniel mentions periods such as:
Revelation reiterates the relevance of the 1260 days, and refers to it in multiple ways such as by saying "a time, and times, and half a time" (1 + 2 + .5). A "time" is a set of 360 days, and so 360 * 3.5 = 1260. This period is also called the "42 months" because a prophetic month is 30 days, and 42 * 30 = 1260.
Continuing forward, the timeline is confirmed and expanded by the Mayan King K’inich Janaab’ Pakal, ruler of the Maya city-state of Palenque. This king dubbed himself the messenger of the time cycles and left us an important prophecy. The prophecy simply tells us that there will first be a period of 1144 years. Those 1144 years are made up of 22 cycles of 52 years. The first 13 cycles are called Heavens, and the last 9 cycles are called Hells. Then there are another 13 Heavens and 9 Hells, 22 cycles of 360 days totaling 7920 days. Then there are 40 days, then 1260 days, and finally 60 days.
The chosen numbers for the timeline are synchronistic. 360 is 3 * 4 * 5 * 6 and 7920 is 8 * 9 * 10 * 11.
The numbers of the timeline, and the timeline itself, were designed specially so it would coincide with Pi. 360 is one of the "self locating" numbers of Pi, occurring at the end of 360 digits. Another example of this is that if you sum every decimal digit of Pi before the first occurrence of "7920", you get 14159, the first five digits of Pi! It's also interesting to note that 5280, the number of feet in a mile, multiplied by 1.5, is 7920. There are 7920 inches in a furlong, and the diameter of the Earth is approximately 7920 miles.
14159 is the first five decimal digits of Pi, and also the first prime number of it. Multiplying 14159 by 2 gives 28318, a number which has its first appearance in Pi at the end of 12600 digits. The 1260 days of the Bible * 10 equals this number. Then, summing those 12600 digits of Pi equals 56636 which is 14159 * 4!
When searching for a doubled prime number in Pi, 28318 (1667th prime * 2) is the first doubled prime to satisfy the fact that the digits leading up to and including its first occurrence in Pi, sum to a multiple of the prime. This is proven here.

Primer

To study some of the subjects later in this article, we will have to know the basics about some things:
The Bible is made up of 66 books. The Old Testament contains 39 books/929 chapters written in Hebrew. The New Testament contains 27 books/260 chapters written in Greek. There are 31102 verses and 1189 chapters in total.
To investigate certain subjects, we will be using the lexicon in Strong's Bible Concordance. This lexicon takes all of the original Hebrew/Greek root words of the Bible and puts them in alphabetical order. This list was originally published in 1890 by James Strong.
For example, if you take all of the Greek root words of the New Testament and put them in alphabetical order, "Jesus" becomes word #2424. The order was designed in this way because 2424 first appears in Pi at the end of 1111 digits, a very spiritually significant number.

Gematria

Gematria is an alphanumeric code of assigning a numerical value to a name, word or phrase based on its letters. Gematria is technically a Hebrew practice, and Isopsephy is its Greek counterpart. We can use the word "gematria" interchangeably to describe the assignment of numbers to letters, whether they be Hebrew, Greek, or English. The method for calculating the gematria, however, will change between languages.
To tie some of these concepts together, let's examine the Greek word for Jesus:
Ἰησοῦς (Iēsous) Ι Iota 10 η Eta 8 σ Sigma 200 ο Omicron 70 υ Upsilon 400 σ Sigma 200 Add the values of each Greek letter for the total of 888 
Triple digit repeating numbers stand out, and cause you to ponder whether they are there by coincidence, or if they have deeper meaning. As Jesus was the focus of the New Testament, Israel was the focus of the Old Testament. The Hebrew word for Israel has a gematria value of 541 which is noteworthy, as it is the 100th prime numbe10th star number, and also occurs in Pi directly next to 2424, the number of Jesus, like so: 2424 541
Examples of different Gematria Ciphers
Date/NumbeGematria Analyzer Multi-tool — download link available here

Making Sense of Numbers

When one analyzes numbers, it is important to keep in mind that any number can mean anything, and that one should use precaution to interpret the best fitting meaning for that number. The number 104 can have multiple meanings:

Numbers of the Bible

The Bible was masterfully crafted so that it would contain numbers relevant to Pi. 262 is a fundamental number of reality as the first 262 decimal digits of Pi, Phi, and e all sum to the same number, 1192. The 262nd prime number is 1667 and the 1667th prime number is 14159, the first 5 decimal digits of Pi. It goes on that the number "1667" first occurs in Pi with a 3 immediately following it as 16673. 262 + 1667 = 1929, and the 1929th prime number is 16673.
262 + 667 = 929, the number of chapters in the Old Testament. The New Testament contains 260 chapters, the same number of days in the Mayan Tzolkʼin cycle.
When you add 929 to 260 you get 1189, a master number of the timeline. This will be explained further:

17

The number 17 seems to somehow represent God, or the Divine. This is why the first Grand Lodge in Freemasonry was founded in 1717. Francis Bacon had a serious impact/involvement in Freemasonry and Rosicrucianism, and the number values for his name using Pythagorean Cipher (now called Full Reduction Gematria) is "Francis" (34) "Bacon" (17) for a total of 51. To add upon this synchronicity, his wife's name "Alice Barnham" also sums to 51, and she was born on 5/14/1592 (Pi is 3.141592). This is also why we have the base named "Area 51", as 51 is 17 * 3, and 17 represents a godlike being. A common theory suggests that this base has had contact with or knowledge of aliens, so the number 51 reflects this, as aliens are considered to be godlike in their advanced consciousness and technological capabilities.
To continue with 17, we also see that the 17th letter of the alphabet is "Q", with "Q" being the name of the godlike and mischievous being in Star Trek. It's also the name of the military intelligence operation which has gained much notoriety, which started on 10/28/2017.
As the Bible contains 1189 chapters, it is important to note that 189 first appears in Pi at the end of 1717 digits. We also see a synchronicity take place as we raise our awareness to the fact that 189 Jesuit institutions of higher learning exist throughout the world.
From this we see the emergence of a "Pi Code". A hidden way to express a concept based on a number's association with Pi. As for the year of Alice Barnham's birth, 1592 is considered a special number because 7777 first appears in Pi at the end of 1592 digits. We could additionally point out the 51 seen in Alice Barnham's birthday, or how the 5 taken from the month multiplied by the year 1592 = 7960, or 7920 + 40 like from Pakal's timeline.
It is known well that 3.14 is equal to Pi, and such a confounding relationship presents when one observes that if you take the first 314 digits of Pi, they sum to 1392, then 1392 digits of Pi sum to 6251, a number which intersects the numbers appearing at the end of 1717 digits of Pi like so 625189. We also see that 6251 digits of Pi sum to 28318, a number which is well known to be the first five digits of 2Pi.
The whole of the timeline seems to boil down to a 17 in one way or another. The year the 1260 days ends is 2023, which is 7 * 17 * 17.

Divine Construction of the Bible

We have discussed 929, 260, and 1189, as well as 17, 51, and 189, so we will now introduce 294 and 895.
294 occurs directly next to the number 895 in Pi, and these are the first two numbers to occur directly next to each other while summing to 1189. This is why the mode (as in mean/median/mode) for gematria totals in the Bible is 895.
Another important Pi code is 691, which first appears in Pi at the end of 895 digits. The 691st prime is 5189, and 5189 first appears in Pi at the end of 1717 digits. 51 is 17 * 3 and 8 + 9 = 17. We also see that 17 * 17 is 289, and 289 occurs at the end of 1586 digits, as 691 + 895 = 1586. 1586 digits of Pi sum to 7200, the number of days in the Mayan calendar unit called the "kʼatun".
249 first appears in Pi at the end of 294 digits, and 249 represented in duodecimal is 189. We also see that 51 digits of Pi sum to 249 and 249 digits of Pi sum to 1129, the 189th prime number.
On top of this, we see that the verse with the largest gematria total in the Bible is Luke 6:42, which is the 25189th total verse of the Bible. It was designed in this way because 25189 first appears in Pi at the end of 1717 digits.
According to Biblewheel's database of the original Hebrew and Greek text, there are 445797 words in the Bible. If you divide this by the 31102 verses of the Bible, you get 14.333 which is profound because 14333 first appears in Pi at the end of 1700 digits, as 1700 is a very important Pi/Timeline code.
The Bible is made up of sections of 297 or 3 * 3 * 33 chapters. Therefore 1189 is also represented as 297 + 297 + 1 + 297 + 297. The middle chapter of the Bible is Psalm 117, which is also the shortest chapter of the Bible, containing 33 English words.
Chapter #297 is 1 Kings 6:1, which discusses the building of Solomon's Temple. Interestingly, this is even the 8898th verse in the Bible, as 1931 (294th prime) + 6967 (895th prime) = 8898.

261 - 262 - 263

By observing the way that primes sequence next to each other, we see three numbers stand out distinctly in decimal:
Number: 260 Prime #260 is 1657 The sum of these two numbers is 1917 Prime #1917 is 16561 Number: 261 Prime #261 is 1663 The sum of these two numbers is 1924 Prime #1924 is 16633 (matches 1663) Number: 262 Prime #262 is 1667 The sum of these two numbers is 1929 Prime #1929 is 16673 (matches 1667) Number: 263 Prime #263 is 1669 The sum of these two numbers is 1932 Prime #1932 is 16699 (matches 1669) Number: 264 Prime #264 is 1693 The sum of these two numbers is 1957 Prime #1957 is 16979 
Using this formula, a special balancing point takes place in the decimal numbering system in which the numbers 261, 262, and 263 seem to "self-resolve" or revolve back on themselves. The middle number, 262, of these perfect three numbers, is extraordinarily special because its 1667th prime number is 14159, the first five decimal digits of Pi! Another interesting fact to point out is that 260 multiplied by 1.5 is 390, a number which occurs at the end of 1189 digits of Pi.
This fact may clue us in as to why the New Testament has 260 chapters, which is also the number of days in the Tzolkʼin cycle. There are 260 standard numbers before this anomaly occurs. The numbers then run out of range, and this balancing point does not take place again in the sequence of infinite primes.
The sum of divisors for 260 is 588 which is 294 * 2, and the sum of divisors for 261 is 390. Also, 261 digits of Pi sum to 1188. What's most interesting is the fact that the number 262 as well as 263 both hone in on the number 7920 in Pi, the number used for Pakal's timeline.
Prime #262 is 1667, and prime #1667 is 14159. When you sum every digit of Pi before the number 7920, you arrive at 14159. Including the number 7920 in your digit sum test gives you 14177. We see that 14159 is prime #1667 and 14177 is prime #1669, just as these numbers fall right next to each other in the sequence of primes.
It's interesting how 16633 + 16699 = 33332, or how 16633 + 16673 + 16699 = 50005, a nice palindromic number. We also see that 1663 + 1667 + 1669 = 4999, the number which appears by a famous area of Pi called the Feynman point. This area contains the digits 134999999

Timeline Fundamentals

Here is the base timeline which the Bible references with encoded numbers:
In addition to this base timeline, there are some supplementary dates:
222 is an extremely relevant number of the timeline, which can be seen by the fact that 5/31/2017, 7/20/2019, and 2/9/2023, are all day 222 of the Tzolkʼin cycle (meaning these dates are all a multiple of 260 days apart). It's also interesting to point out that the 222nd prime number is 1399, and 1399 days after 11/12/1997 is 9/11/2001. 9/10/2001 was actually the last day of Coptic year 1717. We spoke of 294 above, which first occurs in Pi like this: 2294 895. 2294 - 895 = 1399.
From 12/21/2012 to 4/25/2023 is 3777 days, which can also be represented as 1399 + 1189 + 1189.
As 4/25/2023 is also considered to be the completion of a final 1189 day period, the midle day (595th day) of that final 1189 day period is 9/7/2021, day 222 of the Tzolkʼin, and also the first day of Hebrew Civil Year 5782.
Let's work in the numbers 691, 895, and 5189 again now that we have a basic understanding of the timeline. 5189 - 895 = 4294, and of course we see that the number 294 has been revealed from this simple calculation, but there is two ways in which 4294 relates to the timeline:
We see that this type of alignment causes an almost undeniable "synchronicity" to take place. This is because 9/11/2001 takes place 1 day forward from the last day of Coptic Year 1717, and because 4/11/2020 also takes place 1 day forward in a similar way:
Back to the number 1399: We also see that 1399 backwards is 9931, and 9931 first appears in Pi at the end of 22222 digits. 9931 is the 1225th prime like 12/25 for Christmas. The importance of the number 222 is seen in pop culture, such as in 222 Records by Adam Levine, who founded his company on 2/9/2012, a date which seems to closely resemble 2/9/2023.
9/11/2001 is an example of a date which is not explicitly mentioned in the Bible, or by King Pakal, but is a date which is closely aligned with other timeline dates nonetheless. For example, 9 * 9 * 9 * 9 or 6561 days after 9/11/2001 is 8/29/2019, the start of the 1260 days. Terminator 2: Judgment Day, names the date 8/29/1997 as “Judgment Day”, a day in which nuclear destruction occurs in the movie. This date is 22 years before the actual 1260 day period.
9/23/2017 is a date which is commonly believed to be the fulfillment of the prophecy mentioned in Revelation 12. This is interesting as 222 first appears in Pi at the end of 1737 digits, and because 12/21/2012 + 1737 days = 9/23/2017.
One last attribute of the number 222 which I will mention is that the first 222 digits of Pi sum to 1005, and 7/24/2020 + 1005 days = 4/25/2023.
Another important date of the timeline is 5/14/1948, the founding of Israel. Three examples of how this date relates to the timeline:

Pi / Timeline Codes (abridged)

666 is the "number of the beast", the number which is mentioned in Revelation 13:18. This is a number which points us to multiple timeline dates. 666 first appears in Pi at the end of 2442 digits. 2442 is 1221 * 2:
12/21/2012 + 2442 days = 8/29/2019, the start of 1260 days
We also see that 666 digits of Pi sum to 2961:
12/21/2012 + 2961 days = 1/29/2021, the completion of a 1189 day period which started on 10/28/2017 (Q start date).

Biblical Code Confirmation

One way we can verify the timeline is by looking deeper into the Bible verses themselves. For example:
Daniel 12:12 (KJV) Blessed is he that waiteth, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days.
In this verse, the word for "waiteth" is Hebrew word #2442. As a reminder, 12/21/2012 + 2442 days = 8/29/2019, the start of the 1260 / 1290 / 1335 days. We now see that 2442 and 1335 are complimentary numbers, and that 2442 + 1335 = 3777.
The relationship between 2442 and 1335 is seen in other sections of the Bible as well. See these two verses:
Matthew 24:42 (KJV) Watch therefore: for ye know not what hour your Lord doth come.
Mark 13:35 (KJV) Watch ye therefore: for ye know not when the master of the house cometh, at even, or at midnight, or at the cockcrowing, or in the morning:
The verses mirror each other almost exactly and reiterate to us the fact that 2442 and 1335 are complimentary numbers of the timeline. We also see that Matthew 24:42 is the 24000th total verse of the Bible. With this verse placed at an even 1000 verses, it lends credibility to the idea that this was a "planned synchronicity" rather than just a coincidence. Daniel's verse was the 22094th total verse, showing the number 2294, which first occurs next to 895 in Pi.
I try to refrain from giving too much information at once, but most of the Bible is strongly based off of Pi. Even the important names are usually created from Pi. The word "Moses" is H4872 because the number "487" first appears in Pi with a 2 after it like so: 4872. We see that from the start of Daniel's 70 weeks to the 1260 days is 487: 4/29/2018 -> 8/29/2019 = 487 days ... Then a connection occurs as 4872 digits of Pi sum to 22094.
For additional confirmation, we see that the number 829 (representative of 8/29/2019) first appears in Pi like so 829 2540. Greek word #2540 means "time", and is first used in this verse:
Matthew 8:29 (1611 Authorized Version) — And behold, they cryed out, ſaying, What haue we to doe with thee, Ieſus thou ſonne of God? Art thou come hither to torment vs befor yͤ time? Verse #23375 (Ch. #937) — 18 words, 80 letters — Total = 7147
The importance of this verse is confirmed by the fact that it is the first verse in the New Testament of the 1611 KJV to use the special word abbreviation "yͤ" which stands for "the". We also see the number 3375 in the total verse number, which is 15 cubed, and the sum of every digit of Pi before the "Feynman Point" (999999).
We then see that Greek word #2540 is the same word used for "time" in this verse of Revelation which mentions the 1260 days:
Revelation 12:14 (KJV) — And to the woman were given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness, into her place, where she is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent. Verse #30906 (Ch. #1179) — 32 words, 153 letters — Total = 17897
This verse contains a very important code which relates to the 1260 days. The 1260 days are mentioned 7 times in the Bible, twice in Daniel, and five times in Revelation. Revelation 12:14 is the only verse in Revelation that uses the term "time, and times, and half a time" to refer to the 1260 days. This causes the verse to stand out. The term "great eagle" is used only three times in the Bible, with this verse being the last occurrence, and Ezekiel 17:3 being the first occurrence. This rare phrase links Ezekiel 17:3 and Revelation 12:14 together. Ezekiel 17:3 also stands out significantly because it is the only verse in the original 1611 King James Bible to use the apostrophe (') punctuation character.
Ezekiel 17:3 is verse #20829, another code for 8/29/2019. If you move up 1000 verses, you arrive at verse #21829, which is Daniel 3:21, the only verse in the Bible to use Hebrew word #6361, as 6361 is the 829th prime number. If you then move up another 130 verses, you arrive at verse #21959 which is the first of two verses in Daniel which mentions the 1260 days. Move up 130 more verses and you arrive at verse #22089, the second of two verses of Daniel mentioning the 1260 days.
In total you have moved up 1260 verses from Ezekiel 17:3 to arrive at the last mention of the 1260 days in Daniel. 173 is also an interesting number as it is the 40th prime, and the 40 day period ends on 8/29/2019.

Pi / Timeline Codes (continued)

We have stated the significance of 1667. It first appears in Pi at the end of 10499 digits:
We then see that:
10/28/2017 is the start of a 1189 day period, and this particular period can be broken up into 895 + 294 days:
1000 days after 10/28/2017 is 7/24/2020. We have already noted that 189 days + 7/24/2020 = 1/29/2021. 189 digits of Pi sum to 843.
Many numbers have dual/multiple meanings. For example, the Bible mentions the number 12000 numerous times (Revelation says that 12000 are sealed from each tribe) because 7140 first appears in Pi at the end of 12000 digits. This relates to the timeline as such:
As 5/31/2017 is known for being the start of 2300 sacrifices, another relevant Pi Code is seen by the fact that Hebrew word #1818 means "blood". 1818 first appears in Pi at the end of 1575 digits, and those 1575 digits of Pi sum to 7140. Blood is shed when a sacrifice occurs.
It's interesting that 5/31/2017 is 780 or 260 * 3 days from 7/20/2019. Adding 780 days to 11/12/1997 brings you to 1/1/2000, the start of the new millennium. Other interesting alignments exist in the timeline as 9/30/2019 (First day of Hebrew Civil Year 5780) + 1189 days = 1/1/2023.
7/26/2020 is a date encoded into the Bible as the "Harvest", and is often seen as the start date for the age of Aquarius. There are 2184 days in one degree (1/360th) of each 2152 year Zodiac age. 2184 is an interesting number because 2184 digits of Pi sum to 10000. We then see that:
11/12/1997 + 1740 + 2184 + 2184 + 2184 days = 7/26/2020
This was a highly planned synchronicity for 2184 to be the number of days in a degree because 2184 first appears in Pi at the end of 1740 digits. There are 2184 * 360 or 786240 days in a Zodiac age and 786240 * 12 or 9434880 days in the complete 25831 year Zodiac Time cycle. From this we see another planned synchronicity as 2184 + 1740 = 3924, and 3924 digits of Pi sum to 17916. 10/24/1948 -> 11/12/1997 = 17916 days and 10/24/1948 -> 7/26/2020 = 26208 days, as 26208 * 360 = 9434880.
We then see that 3924 first appears in Pi at the end of 7473 digits, and adding 7473 days to the start of the 7920 days gives you the date 4/29/2018, which is the start of the 70 weeks of Daniel.
An important aspect of the time code is that certain numbers can be generated by summing digits consecutively like so: 104 digits of Pi sum to 492 ... 492 digits of Pi sum to 2184 ... 2184 digits of Pi sum to 10000
We see the Mayan Long count for 5/31/2017 is 13.0.4.9.2, and how the start of the 1150 days, and the start of the 70 weeks are spaced 333 days apart.
12/21/2012 is a very important timeline date, and it is interesting to note that the second occurrence of 1221 appears in Pi like so 5519 1221. This is also the second occurrence of 5519 in Pi. The number 5519 is the 729th prime number, or the 9 * 9 * 9th prime number. 12/21/2012 is the 5519th day of the 7920 days!
While we're at it, we should show why Daniel split up his 70 weeks into 7 weeks + 62 weeks + 1 week. The first 69 weeks equal 483 days, a very special number of Pi, because 483 is the three digit number which takes the longest to have its first occurrence in Pi. This means that every other 3 digit number has at least one occurrence in Pi before the first occurrence of 483. 483 first occurs in Pi at the end of 8555 digits.
6716 is the four digit number which takes the longest to see its first occurrence in Pi.
Daniel mentions the significance of the middle day (4th day) of the final week of the 70 weeks, and says that a sacrifice ceases on this day. That day which is singled out is 8/28/2019, the first day of the Tzolkʼin cycle.
On top of this, we see that from the start of the 70 weeks to the start of the 1260 days is 487 days. 487 is a special number because it first appears in Pi like this 216829 989487 2 2658
The Pi code was designed to be very synchronistic with the given timeline. An example of this is how we see 216 and 829 besides each other in Pi above. This could be interpreted to mean:
6 * 6 * 6 or 216 days after 8/29/2019 = 4/1/2020 (start of 10 day period in Revelation)
The Pi code is special because you could also interpret this to mean 6829 days after 4/1/2020, which is 12/12/2038 (13.1.6.6.7)
The total length of time from 11/12/1997 to 4/25/2023 is 9295 days. 9295 first appears in Pi at the end of 7715 digits like so: 2402 9295. This is relevant because 2402 days after 12/21/2012 is 7/20/2019, completion of the 7920 days.
This is also what seems to make 691 such a deep number. 691 first appears in Pi at the end of 895 digits 1776 691. Its second occurrence is like this 7715 691
7/26/2020 is also considered as the middle day of a 1189 day period, which would make the completion of this period 3/13/2022, 8887 days after 11/12/1997. 3/13/2022 - 895 days = 9/30/2019, Hebrew date: 7/1/5780. 7/26/2020 is also the 117th day of a period which begins on 4/1/2020, just as Psalm 117 is the middle and 595th chapter of the Bible.
The 1000th prime number is 7919, one less than 7920, the number we studied above. 7919 * 2 = 15838, and 15838 digits of Pi sum to 71214.
7/26/2020 has the long count 13.0.7.12.14
12/21/2012 -> 5/7/2016 = 1233 days. This is a special date because we see that the number 1233 occurs for the first time in Pi like so: 2774 7 1233 88 1740 with 1233 at the end of 22470 digits... This is significant because 12/21/2012 + 2774 days = 7/26/2020
Then, we see that the long count for 5/7/2016 is 13.0.3.7.13, which is special because 3713 first appears in Pi at the end of 1929 digits!
Finally, 5/7/2016 -> 7/26/2020 = 1541 days, and 1541 first appears in Pi at the end of 5280 digits, directly next to the first occurrence of the number 3418. This is a special alignment, as we see that the actual digits 5280 first appear in Pi at the end of 3418 digits.
Prime #1541 is 12941 (294 seen) and 1541 digits of Pi sum to 6967 (the 895th prime number)
There is seemingly no limit to the vast synchronicity of this timeline. As 4/25/2023 is the completion of the 1335 days, we see that 1003 first appears in Pi at the end of 12294 digits, like so: 1003 1541
Remember that 4/15/2014 is the first blood moon of a tetrad, and is also the middle day or 595th day of a 1189 day period. We see that 595 first appears in Pi at the end of 415 digits.
To relate 6/29/2016 to Pi again, we see how 552 first appears in Pi at the end of 1665 digits
12/26/2014 is an ultimate timeline date.
This is why the famous word "giraffe" is loved by occultists, as the numbers of it show as:
g i r a f f e 7 9 18 1 6 6 5 
7/17/2019 is both the 7918th day of one period of time and the 1665th day of another.

Other Timeline Dates

Another one of the very significant dates of the timeline is 7/17/2019. This date is symbolic of the crucifixion of Jesus, as he arose 3 days later, and 7/20/2019 then marks the completion of the 7920 day period.
Matthew 20:19 (KJV) — And shall deliver him to the Gentiles to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify him: and the third day he shall rise again. Verse #23812 (Ch. #949) — 17 words, 98 letters — Total = 10425
We have mentioned above that 7/20/2019 takes place 25999 days after the founding of Israel, which is interesting as the 25999th verse of the Bible is:
Luke 24:7 (KJV) — Saying, The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again. Verse #25999 (Ch. #997) — 19 words, 107 letters — Total = 13766
We have mentioned above the significance of the number 262. A similar number to this is 232. The 232nd prime number is 1459, and 232 + 459 = 691. 232 first appears in Pi like so 627 232 7917 8608. This is interesting because:
7/17/2019 is a very synchronistic and relevant date for multiple reasons. First, the diameter of Earth is sometimes stated as 7917 miles, or is rounded up to 7920 miles, depending on the source. Also, the 717 in 7/17/2019 is a representation for 1717. We have already stated that 189 first appears in Pi at the end of 1717 digits. This date is special because if you add 189 days to it, you arrive to 1/22/2020, the start of a 1189 day period. The middle day/595th day of this section is 9/7/2021 which is the 222nd day of the Tzolkʼin cycle, and the first day of Hebrew Civil Year 5782.
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2020.09.19 10:31 Ainsoph777 Reports (1947, declassified) from CIC agent Robert Clayton Mudd on Vatican Ratlines and Ustashi terrorists

Reports (1947, declassified) from CIC agent Robert Clayton Mudd on Vatican Ratlines and Ustashi terrorists
These documents can be found in the Pavelic Papers collection: https://archive.org/details/208040482-the-pavelic-papers-pdf , https://www.scribd.com/document/208040482/THE-PAVELIC-PAPERS-pdf
The italicized text above each document is a summary given by the researchers who have put together these collection of documents.
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Further reading on this topic : Avro Manhattan , Terror Over Yugoslavia : The Threat to Europe (1953) https://archive.org/details/terroroveryugoslaviaavromanhattan2
Edmond Paris, Genocide In Satellite Croatia, 1941-1945 : A Record of Racial and Religious Persecutions and Massacres, (1961) https://archive.org/details/GenocideInSatelliteCrotia19411945ARecordOfRacialAndReligousPersecutionsAndMassacres
J.J. Murphy, Papal Murder In Croatia, , The Converted Catholic Magazine , December 1945 https://archive.org/details/papalmurderincroatiajjmurphytheconvertedcatholicmagazinedecember1945
Drew Pearson, Croat Himmler Finds U. S. Haven, Washington Post (October 16 1963) https://archive.org/details/croathimmlerfindsu.s.havendrewpearsonwashingtonpostoctober161963
Karlheinz Deschner , God and the Fascists : The Vatican alliance with Mussolini, Franco, Hitler, and Pavelic, (1965) 2013 edition https://archive.org/details/GodAndTheFascistsTheVaticanAllianceWithMussoliniFranco
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An excerpt from CIC agent Robert Clayton Mudd's January 30th 1947 report on Jesuit trained dictator Ante Pavelic fleeing Croatia via a Vatican ratline.
The Vatican Ratline being exposed here in 1947.

From the US Army file on Ante Pavelic: Special Agent Robert Clayton Mudd gives an extensive outline of Pavelic's career to date. Paragraph Five is a bombshell: the first glimpse of what would eventually be revealed as the Vatican Ratline, designed to shield Nazi fugitives from arrest and shepherding them to safe locations in countries outside of Europe.
HEADQUARTERS COUNTER INTELLIGENCE CORPS ALLIED FORCES HEADQUARTERS APO 512
January 30 1947
SUMMARY OF INFORMATION SUBJECT: Present Whereabouts and Past Background of Ante PAVELIC, Croat Quisling
  1. From a usually reliable source the following information has been obtained concerning the present whereabouts of Ante PAVELIC,Croat Quisling.
  2. With the collapse of German resistance in the Balkans and the subsequent withdrawal of support of the puppet Croat government on the part of the Germans, Ante PAVELIC, fearing for his personal safety at the hands of the Partisans fled from Jugoslavia into Austria where he took refuge in the small village of CELOVAC near the Austrian-Jugoslav frontier. Pavelic had an apartment and a villa there.
  3. In April of 1946 PAVELIC left Austria and came to ROME accompanied only by an Ustasa Lieutenant named DOCHSEN. Both were dressed as Roman Catholic priests. They took refuge in a college there in Via Giavomo Belli, 3, which is the only college in ROME enjoying complete extra-territoriality, and which can be entered only by presenting the proper credentials. (Presumably the Papal seal is needed because it is said that this is the only college in ROME directly under the administration of the Pope.)
  4. This informant further states that a short time ago PAVELIC obtained at the Spanish Consulate in MILANO a passport under the name of DON PEDRO GONNER. This passport is ready for Spain and has a visa either for South America or Canada. Three other members of the Ustashi are being taken care of in this same fashion but the only one so far identified is General Vlado KREN, Chief of the Croat Air Force under PAVELIC. KREN is an old-time Yugoslav officer who at the outset of the war deserted to the Germans taking with him as much loot and money as he could. He was decorated by the Germans after a lengthy inspection tour of the Croat Air Force on the Eastern Front.
  5. This informant, directed by this Agent to try to penetrate the Ustashi intelligence network in Italy and Jugoslavia, has managed to do so and it has been determined that the network runs from GRUMO-ROME-VENICE-TRIESTE-LJUBLJANA-ZAGREB. The whole affair is run under cover of the Roman Catholic clergy whose priests in these monasteries are nearly all of Croat extraction. Complete penetration of this organization is a rather lengthy process but efforts are being continued in that direction. There is no doubt that Ustashi elements in Italy communicate with one another, and that the focal point of all intelligence and activity is the Monastery of Saint Jerome , Via Tomacelli, 132,ROME.
BACKGROUND:
  1. Ante PAVELIC was born in 1896 in Ivan Planina in Bosnia and practiced law in ZAGREB. An extremist even in his youth he became a member of the arch-terrorist organization known as the"Frankovci" whose founder, Dr. Josip FRANK, was a Jew and the father-in-law of Slavko KVATERNIK, the first Croat to be elevated to the rank of Field Marshall. KVATERNIK had long been a strong advocate of Croat separatism and the German ideas on a separate Croat state found in him a reday tool.
  2. The quarrelsome nature of PAVELIC became more and more apparent in the years immediately after the first war when he became involved in one dispute after another with the Centralist Party and the Croat Peasant Party of RADIC. He was the sole representative of his Party in the Skupstina (Jugoslav Parliament)but rarely attended sessions and when he did he sulked in his seat and only occasionally indulged in a long harangue in protest against some measure which he did not approve.
  3. In the early 1920's, PAVELIC began to establish his contacts with Croat emigrees in VIENNA and BUDAPEST and later on he established a close accord with the Macedonian terrorist society,IMRO. In 1927 he acted as counsel for the defense of the Macedonian terrorists at the SKOPLJE trials.
  4. Shortly after the proclamation of the establishment of the dictatorship of King ALEKSANDAR in January 1929, PAVELIC fled abroad and was subsequently condemned to death in absentia at BELGRADE for his part in anti-Serb demonstrations organized at SOFIA by Bulgarian and Macedonian terrorists.
  5. From 1930 onwards while living abroad, a great part of the time in Italy, he became the leader of a terrorist organization eventually to be known as the Ustasha. This organization was financed by ROME and BUDAPEST and given moral encouragement by the Germans. Together with JELIC, ARTUKOVIC , and the younger KVATERNIK and others he was responsible for a serious flurry of bomb outrages, the weapons and explosives all supplied by Italy. This occurred in the period between 1930 and 1935.
  6. Camps for training terrorists and saboteurs were set up in Italy and Hungary, chiefly at BRESCIA and BORGOTARO in Italy and JANKA PUSZTA in Hungary and an armed insurrection was attempted in 1933 when the Ustashi, armed by the Italians, attempted to invade the country by crossing the Adriatic in motorboats. This was unsuccessful but its lack of success probably was instrumental in the decision to assassinate King ALEKSANDAR. Two attempts were made, the last one successful and ALEKSANDAR was slain at MARSEILLES 14 October, 1943 along with the French Minister of the Interior, Jean BARTHOU. The singular lack of armed protection afforded by the Jugoslav monarch, and the general laxity of security precautions when it was well-known that one attempt had already been made on ALEKSANDAR'S life are rather ghastly tributes to the organizational ability of PAVELIC, who apparently had been able to bribe some high official in the Surete General. The Prefect of Police of MARSEILLES, JOUHANNAUD, was subsequently removed from office.
  7. Yugoslavia took her case to the League of Nations offering evidence that Italy and Hungary had openly conspired against her sovereignty. However, for some strange reason Italy's role in the affair was never considered and Hungary bore the brunt of the charges. Italy, furthermore, stubbornly refused to extradite PAVELIC who, along with the younger KVATERNIK, was placed under the permanent supervision of the Italian police until sometime in 1941.During the course of his "house arrest" he was subsidized by the Italians and he conferred long and often with Count Galeazzo CIANO on the prospective coup d'etat in Croatia.
  8. In April of 1941 he arrived in ZAGREB and proclaimed the"Free and Independent State of Croatia" with himself as the head of the government. What prompted the Axis powers to put a man like PAVELIC at the head of a puppet government is not too well-known for it was an established fact that he was an ardent extremist of the worse sort and an international gangster. Perhaps it was the fact that the Nazis and Fascists were not looking for leadership. The only thing that they needed was a fanatic, an ultra-chauvinist, who could and would do what they suggested and do it with a vengeance. At any rate in June and July, 1941 PAVELIC and his Croatian nationalists, representing the lunatic fringe of Balkan life,slaughtered in a few weeks tens of thousands of Serbians living in his "independent state" and along its peripheries.
  9. PAVELIC remained as head of the "Free and Independent State of Croatia" until early 1945 when he disappeared from the limelight and little trace of him has been found since.
  10. PAVELIC'S name tops the list of quislings whom the State Department and the Foreign Office have agreed to hand over to the Yugoslavs for trial. At the present time this Agent is expending every effort to try to trace PAVELIC AND HIS WIFE. One source yet unconfirmed states that she is living in VENICE under an assumed name while yet another says that she is living somewhere in ROME.
AGENTS COMMENTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS: IN view of the fact that this man, while generally considered a criminal, is not a criminal in just the ordinary sense but a political criminal as well, and in view of the fact that the Yugoslav Government through its controlled press has on several occasions accused the Anglo-Americans of hiding PAVELIC to further their own aims, this Agent recommends that every effort should be made to apprehend him and ship him back to the Jugoslav Government for trial. In so doing not only would the Yugoslav propaganda guns be silenced and the people of Jugoslavia forced to admit that their previous propaganda was all false, but also a serious threat to security would be removed and the position of the Anglo-Americans strengthened with regard to those south Slav elements who were pro-Allied before the war. The Ustashi organization in Italy is at the present moment a tightly-knit group still maintaining its "cell" organization, still publishing its papers, and still interested in the same aims that they professed before and during the war. The center of this organization is the Monastery of St. Jerome, Via Tomacelli, 132, ROME.
ROBERT CLAYTON MUDD,Special Agent, CIC
Approved:EDWIN F. COWAN Chief, CIC DISTRIBUTION:CIC, Zone 1 (1)CIC, Zone 3 (1) CIC, Zone 5 (1)CIC, Zone 6 (1)AC of S, G-2, AFHQ (2)Chief, CIC, AFHQ (1):: filing information

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Excerpt from CIC agent Robert Clayton Mudd's February 12th report
https://preview.redd.it/2nh7p88kn2o51.png?width=919&format=png&auto=webp&s=34415bbd2441e02c8d23b5f2e1fae1767e2991d0

This is a follow-up report to Counter-Intelligence Corps Agent Robert Clayton Mudd's earlier report in which he indicated that the Monastery of San Girolamo was acting as a haven for Ustashi fugitives, and that he had run an agent into the network smuggling accused Ustashi war criminals out of Croatia. Mudd appeared earlier to be suspicious that Ustashi agents had infiltrated legitimate networks to help refugees, rather than that these networks themselves had been set up in order to smuggle out hunted Ustashi officials. His conclusions in Paragraph 15 remain unchallenged to this day. This is an improved copy of the document originally published : https://archive.org/details/1947cicreportonkrunoslavdraganovicbeingshieldedbyvatican/page/n1/mode/2up

HEADQUARTERS COUNTER INTELLIGENCE CORPS ALLIED FORCES HEADQUARTERS APO 512
February 12, 1947
SUMMARY OF INFORMATION SUBJECT: Father Krunoslav DRAGANOVIC,RE: PAST Background and PRESENT Activity.
  1. Fr. Krunoslav DRAGANOVIC is a Croatian Catholic priest in the Monastery of San Geronimo, 132 Via Tomacelli. ROME. This man has for some time now been associated with Ustashi elements in Italy and, while in many instances it is hard to distinguish the activity of the Church from the activity of one man whose personal convictions might lie along a certain line, it is fairly evident in the case of Fr. DRAGANOVIC that his sponsorship of the Ustashi cause stems from a deep-rooted conviction that the ideas espoused by this arch-nationalist organization,half logical, half lunatic, are basically sound concepts.
  2. Fr. DRAGANOVIC is a native of TRAVNIK where he finished his elementary and secondary school. Shortly after this he went to SARAJEVO to study theology and philosophy. Here he fell under the personal magnetism of Dr. Ivan SARIC,archbishop of SARAJEVO, whose particular interest he soon became and after graduation he was sent to ROME under the auspices of Dr. SARIC who had some good connections in the Vatican.
  3. Having completed his studies at ROME where he majored in ethnology and Balkan affairs he returned to SARAJEVO where he held various political offices, all of a minor importance.Shortly after the formation of the Independent State of Croatia under Ante PAVELIC in April 1941 DRAGANOVIC became one of the leading figures in the Bureau of Colonization. In the middle of 1943 however he became involved in a disagreement over the relative merits of the younger Eugen KVATERNIK, whom he called a "madman and a lunatic", and he left Croatia and returned to ROME.
  4. According to a reliable informant it is believed that this departure of DRAGANOVIC from Croatia to Italy is a classic example of "kicking a man upstairs" inasmuch as it is fairly well established that the leaders of the Independent State of Croatia expected the prelate, through his good connections in the Vatican, to be instrumental in working out the orientation of Croatia towards the West rather than the East. These same leaders, being occidental-minded and knowing full well that Croatia's militant Catholocism made her a"natural" in such a deal, relied on DRAGANOVIC to assist in their aims. He was eminently unsuccessful.
  5. DRAGANOVIC has a brother still in ZAGREB who is a member of the Napredak Co., who recently was ignored in the elections to determine the members of the Board of Directors. He has another brother, whereabouts unknown, who was a member of the Croatian Embassy in BERLIN. He is in touch with his brother, ZVONKO, in ZAGREB but not with KRESO, whose whereabouts are not definetly known although he has been reported in the British zone in Germany.
  6. About a year ago DRAGANOVIC is alleged in some circles to have somewhat denounced his now ardent pro-Ustashi sentiments during a conference of Croats in ROME. Having been accused by a certain Dr. KLJAKOVIC (apparently a member of the Croat Peasant Party) of being in very close contact with only Ustashi emogrees DRAGANOVIC is said to have replied that if working for an independent Croatia meant being an Ustasha then "I am an Ustasha". "However," he added, "I disassociate myself from all other attributes of the Ustashi."
  7. With this aim in view DRAGANOVIC is working with the Ustashi and also with some leftovers of the Croat Peasant Party in exile. When Milan PRIBANIC, erstwhile Commandant of the Guard of Vlado MACEK, appeared in ROME, he immediately contacted him and thus made his aims and purposes clear to MACEK.
  8. Many of the more prominent Ustashi war criminals and Quislings are living in ROME illegally, many of them under false names. Their cells are still maintained, their papers still published, and their intelligence agencies still in operation. All this activity seems to stem from the Vatican,through the Monastary of San Geronimo to Fermo, the chief Croat Camp in Italy. Chief among the intelligence operatives in the Monastery of San Geronimo appear to be Dr. DRAGANOVIC and Monsignor MADJARAC.
  9. The main messenger between the Vatican, the Monastary and Fermo is an Ustasha student by the name of BRISKI. BRISKI was interned in the 209 POW Camp at AFRAGOLA and was with the Ustashi Cabinet members when their escape was organized from there. His physical description is as follows: 25 years old,medium height, black hair, seen mostly without a hat. Has very bad teeth in upper and lower jaw. Appears to be very wise.
  10. This Agent managed to run a counter-operative into this Monastary to find out if possible if the internal setup of the place was as had been alleged, namely that it was honeycombed with cells of Ustashi operatives. This was established and several things more but operations were stopped abruptly when it became too dangerous for the counter-intelligence agent in the Monastary. The following facts were ascertained:
  11. In order to enter this Monastary one must submit to a personal search for weapons and identification documents,must answer questions as to where he is from, who he is, whom he knows, what is purpose is in the visit, and how he heard about the fact that there were Croats in the Monastary. All doors from one room to another are locked and those that are not have an armed guard in front of them and a pass-word is necessary to go from one room to another. The whole area is guarded by armed Ustashi youths in civilian clothes and the Ustashi salute is exchanged continually.
  12. It was further established that the following prominent ex-Ustashi Ministers are either living in the monastery, or living in the Vatican and attending meetings several times a week at San Girolamo: Ivan DEVCIC, Lt. Colonel VRANCIC, Dr. Vjekoslav, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs. TOTH, Dr. Dragutin, Minister of Croat State Treasury. SUSIC, Lovro, Minister of Corporations in Croatian Quisling Government STARCEVIC, Dr. Mile, Croat Minister of Education. RUPCIC, General Dragutin, General of Ustashi Air Force. PERIC, Djordje, Serbian Minster of Propaganda under NEDIC. PECNIKAR, Vilko - Ustasha General and CO of Ustashi Gendarmerie MARKOVIC, Josip, Minister of Transport in Pavelic Government. KREN, Vladimir - Commander-in-Chief of the Croat AirForce.

  1. While this "Croat", directed by this Agent to try to penetrate the Croat intelligence network, was inside the Monastary he personally heard a conversation ensue between this Monsignor MADJERAC and Dr. SUSIC, who, at the time of the conversation, was in the Vatican library. He also heard a conversation between two of the Ustashi in the monastary which established the fact that a brother of Dr. PERIC runs a hotel in ROME, and that often this hotel is visited at night for the purpose of holding important Ustahi conferences. The money for the purchase of the hotel was given this man by his brother, Dr. PERIC.
  2. It was further established that these Croats travel back and forth from the Vatican several times a week in a car with a chauffeur whose license plate bears the two initials CD,"Corpo Diplomatico". It issues forth from the Vatican and discharges its passengers inside the Monastary of San Geronimo. Subject to diplomatic immunity it is impossible to stop the car and discover who are its passengers.
  3. DRAGANOVIC's sponsorship of these Croat Qusilings definitely links him up with the plan of the Vatican to shield these ex-Ustashi nationalists until such time as they are able to procure for them the proper documents to enable them to go to South America. The Vatican, undoubtedly banking on the strong anti-Communist feelings of these men, is endeavoring to infiltrate them into South America in any way possible to counteract the spread of Red doctrine. It has been reliably reported, for example that Dr. VRANCIC has already gone to South America and that Ante PAVELIC and General KREN are scheduled for an early departure to South America through Spain. All these operations are said to have been negotiated by DRAGANOVIC because of his influence in the Vatican.
  4. This agent will continue to make an effort to keep abreast of the situation in this area and also to advise G-2 of any new plans or changes of operations on the part of DRAGANOVIC and his satellites.
[signed]ROBERT CLAYTON MUDD,SPECIAL AGENT, CIC
DISTRIBUTION:AC of S, G-2, AFHQ (2)Chief, CIC, AFHQ (1)


-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Excerpt from the September 5th report, showing that Jesuit trained, Roman Catholic priest Krunoslav Draganovic acquired immigration visas for his Ustashi Nazi terrorists so that they could escape to South America.
https://preview.redd.it/bdgzhbfkm2o51.png?width=1034&format=png&auto=webp&s=f598dba9dee383e019dc1c4a033930e4e6116218

Father Krunoslav Draganovic, one of the main operatives on the Ratline, kept detailed lists of the "refugees" granted hospitality and a place of refuge at the monastery of San Girolamo, Rome. Army Counter-Intelligence Corps Agent William Gowen obtained these lists, which included the Ustashi suspects' real names as well as the aliases. After making copies, Gowen wrote up a lengthy memorandum and sent four copies to his superiors. None have ever been found, but one of the agents who received a copy of the list was Naples CIC Agent Robert Clayton Mudd. The following document summarizes Gowen's memorandum and draws attention to several Ustashi war criminals wanted by the Allied authorities on Draganovic's lists. Coming as it does after the famous instructions from Gowen's superiors to keep his "hands off" of Pavelic and other Ustashi leaders in Rome, it is possible to speculate that this report represented the last attempt by CIC agents still "in the dark" of the American plans to rescue Pavelic and Co. to inform their superiors of the vast extent of the Nazi and Ustashi smuggling network that Father Draganovic - and, unknown to Mudd and Gowen, those same superiors - had put into operation.

COUNTER INTELLIGENCE CORPS TRIESTE UNITED STATES TROOPS APO 88, US ARMY y-3109
5 September 1947
SUMMARY OF INFORMATION : SUBJECT: DRAGANOVIC, Krunoslav RE: Documentary Evidence Involving SUBJECT with Ustasha Activity at the San Girolamo Monastery, Rome.
  1. Attached photostats of personal files and documents of the Croat Nationalist priest DRAGANOVIC, Krunoslav procured in Rome indicate clearly his involvement in aiding and abetting the Ustashi to escape into South America. The documents also indicate his connections with Ustasha personnel, a fact which DRAGANOVIC has formally denied personally to this Agent.(Photostats to G 2 TRUST only).
  2. The first list includes the nominal role of all Croats who are fed, clothed, housed and otherwise provided for by the Monastery of San Girolamo, but it also includes the names of several long sought after Jugoslav War Criminals whose presence in the Monastery and whose sponsorship by the Vatican DRAGANOVIC has consistently denied.
  3. The names of the following Ustashi War Criminals are to benoted on this list :DEVCIC, Ivan Serial " 351
DOSEN, Drago " 389
IMPER, Dragutin " 639
JURKOVIC, Blaz " 705
MARKOVIC, Josip " 1018, 1019, and 1020
MAVREK, Stanko " 1062
ORSANIC, Ante " 1176
PAVICIC, Ante " 1208
RUKAVINA, Ante " 1407
SEKULIC, Ivan " 1444
SRNAK, Rudolph " 1484
SREDL, Josip " 1627
VLAHOVIC, Ante " 1773[illegible],
Dusan " 1841
BELOBRAJDIC, Leopold " 109
DJAK, Jakob " 370 (believed to be alias of DJAL, Jakov)BIOSIC, Josip " 136
DOBRENIC, Stjepan " 376
BARANOVIC, Ante " 70
MATAJA, Milan " 10474.
The second series of photostats indicates that DRAGANOVIC and the Monastery were doing their utmost to get immigration visas for Croat sailors in answer to the offers of several Central and South American countries to accept certain specified amounts of qualified sailors and maritime men. However, on this list are known names of compromised people.
  1. The Third List written in Spanish contains the names of 115 Croats with all their personal particulars. These 115 people have all expressed a desire to emigrate to ARGENTINA. It is very possible that this list of individuals have already shipped to the Argentine and it must be assumed that in the majority they are compromised Ustashi personalities with aliases. It seems only reasonable to assume that the more important personages will be, or would have been shipped out first.
  2. Enclosed here with also are the photographs of documents containing the pertinent data on such Ustasha personalities as BARIC, Vice, Kren, Vladimir, alias KRENMIR, Vladimir,BABIC, Ivan, HIBL, Josip alias HUBL, Josip, KAMBER, Dragutin alias KAMBER, Blaz, PAVICIC, Ante alias PAVICIC, Anton,SARIC, Ivan, SUSIC, Lovro alias SUSIC, Marijan, VRANCIC,Vjekoslav alias VRANIC, Petar.
COMMENTS:
  1. Ref para 3 identification and background of personalities mentioned here are contained in CIC TRUST SOI y-3097 dtd 22 August 1947.
  2. Photostats attached were obtained by Special Agent WILLIAM GOWEN of the Rome CIC Detachment and passed on to this Agent for use and evaluation.
[signed]ROBERT C. MUDD Special Agent, CIC
APPROVED: WILLIAM W. TYNG Chief CIC TRUST DISTRIBUTION:G-2 Trust (2)G-2 MTOUSA (2)Rome CIC (1)Chief CIC (1)File (1)
submitted by Ainsoph777 to Jesuitworldorder [link] [comments]


2020.09.19 08:13 doom_fan_big_time_21 doom 2 word search

a word search based on doom 2's enemies
https://aa40100d-3a3d-4ba5-a0d7-efcbeccec470.filesusr.com/ugd/f0d507_5fac2de706f14e73911313ebf29d4786.pdf
submitted by doom_fan_big_time_21 to Doom [link] [comments]


2020.09.19 06:35 myscraper I am willing to automate one of your daily tasks (or even your job) FOR FREE

I recently lost my bread and butter which means I am left with more free time than I thought (apart from a financial crisis, that is). I am a Python developer and I specialise in automating daily tasks (or even your entire job), scraping data, filling out boring forms, data entry and so much more!
If your job involves a computer, chances are that your job can be automated to a large extent (especially if its Excel). Let me help you to make your life a little easier with my skills.
If you need some data to be scraped from the internet, I can create a script in Python that can do it for you within minutes. I can also design custom bots that can comment on your website, fill forms, solve captchas, send periodic emails and so much more! Sky is the limit!
Here are a few of the things that I am proficient in, please feel free to contact me in case you want something done which isn't already mentioned in the list.
☑ Web Scraping
☑ Data Mining
☑ Data Extracting
☑ Data Collection
☑ Web Search
☑ PDF or JPEG to Excel or Word
☑ Highly Skilled with Extracting product data from e-commerce websites with images.
☑ E-mail Extracting From the website
☑ Lead Generation
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☑ Google Maps scraping.
☑ Yell,Yelp, Yellowpages (Business Lead's) scraping
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Cheers! And hope everything works out for the best!
submitted by myscraper to australia [link] [comments]


2020.09.19 02:46 AttyFireWood Is this a Good Upgrade? [USA - Budget Under $750]

LAPTOP QUESTIONNAIRE
This is what I'm looking at
This is what I currently have
Total budget (in local currency) and country of purchase. Please do not use USD unless purchasing in the US:
Under $750, ideally more like $600
Are you open to refurbs/used?
No
How would you prioritize form factor (ultrabook, 2-in-1, etc.), build quality, performance, and battery life?
1) Performance, 2) Build Quality, 3) Battery Life, 4) Form Factor
How important is weight and thinness to you?
Not at all.
Do you have a preferred screen size? If indifferent, put N/A.
N/A - 15in is fine.
Are you doing any CAD/video editing/photo editing/gaming? List which programs/games you desire to run.
Chrome with lots of tabs, excel, word, normal office stuff. Primarily a work computer. Multiple PDFs with 100's of pages. Light gaming (Dark Souls 1, Red Alert 3). I do some 3d modeling for fun with Blender, which involves some rendering.
If you're gaming, do you have certain games you want to play? At what settings and FPS do you want?
RTS games (RA3/C&C3, Starcraft 2, so a bunch of old stuff).
Any specific requirements such as good keyboard, reliable build quality, touch-screen, finger-print reader, optical drive or good input devices (keyboard/touchpad)?
I want an upgrade to what I have. The keyboard was a little subpar, I would like something back lit, and that doesn't have keys fall off.
Leave any finishing thoughts here that you may feel are necessary and beneficial to the discussion.
I like the laptop that I have, but its like 5 years old and showing its age. I think it had decent specs, so with an upgrade I am hopping not to downgrade in any respect. I'm afraid most of the $500 laptops with iGPUs are going to be a step down from a 940m, but I don't know if what I linked is overkill for an office computer
submitted by AttyFireWood to SuggestALaptop [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 18:27 Mailyk CRISPR Detects SARS-CoV-2, Treats Muscular Dystrophy in Mice & Patent Battle Heats Up

The weekly roundup of all things genetic engineering and synthetic biology. This week is the CRISPR Issue!

🧬Featured Research

CRISPR-Based Detection of SARS-CoV-2 in Under One Hour (Open Access)

A group of scientists, led by the Zhang, Gootenberg and Abudayyeh labs at MIT and Harvard, have reported a rapid method to detect SARS-CoV-2 using their Cas12-based SHERLOCK system. The test returns results in less than an hour and has a sensitivity similar to reverse-transcription–quantitative polymerase-chain-reaction (RT-qPCR) assays, the predominant method currently used to diagnose patients with COVID-19. The correspondence was published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

CRISPR Treats a Form of Molecular Dystrophy in Mice

Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is an inherited form of muscular dystrophy, characterized by muscle wasting, weakness, clouding of the eyes, and an abnormal heartbeat. The disease is caused by “CTG microsatellite repeat expansions” in a specific gene, called DMPK (myotonic dystrophy protein kinase). Using a mouse model for DM1, a new study in Nature Biomedical Engineering injected viruses packaged with an RNA-targeting version of Cas9 to “shut down” the defective repeats, effectively reversing the symptoms of DM1 in these animals. Read the UCSD press release.

Transplanted Stem Cells Produce the Perfect Sperm (Open Access)

Farmers have been refining their breeding programs for generations, searching for the “optimal” pig, goat, or cow. To that end, artificial insemination seems to be the perfect solution: collect sperm from males with preferred traits, and introduce that sperm into the females. A new study in PNAS has shown that stem cells, transplanted into mice, pigs, goats, and cattle, can produce sperm from a genetically-preferred donor. In other words, sterile males can now produce sperm with DNA from “super sires”. For deeper coverage on this study, read the article in The Scientist.

Software Helps Design Encrypted DNA

When researchers exchange DNA—or an organism escapes from its flask—how can we figure out where the DNA came from? DNA is cheap to manufacture, so there is a pressing need to develop encryption systems for genetic materials that can link a sequence to its creator, without being counterfeited. A new study, published in ACS Synthetic Biology, reports software that can create encrypted digital signatures to incorporate into a DNA plasmid. Those “signed” plasmids “can then be ordered from a DNA synthesis company or assembled from individual DNA fragments.”

A Genetic Circuit Reduces Burden in Mammalian Cells (Open Access)

Cells have limited resources. At any given moment, thousands of processes—from DNA replication to protein production and cellular movement—are competing for those resources. When synthetic biologists engineer a cell, typically by adding DNA, those resources dwindle even more. A new study in Nature Communications partly addresses this issue in mammalian cells, demonstrating that a genetic circuit, called an “incoherent feedforward loop”, or iFFL, can be used to mitigate burden and “rescue the expression level of genes of interest despite changes in available cellular resources due to the loading effects of transgene constructs”. Read the “behind-the-paper” article by Mustafa Khammash.

🧫 Rapid-Fire Highlights

More research & reviews worth your time

📰 #SynBio in the News

Hope you enjoyed this week's news roundup.
submitted by Mailyk to biotech [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 09:58 heisenburg69 Looking for solution to make entire database searchable.

Hello!
I do a type of research that requires finding connections between multiple different data sets. I have thousands of PDF's, JPG, and TXT files. Basically I'm looking for a way to OCR every piece of media I have & make the entire database searchable.
So for example, if I typed in the search term "duck", it would pull up all documents with the word "duck" in them, whether they're picture files or PDF's.
Is this possible? Does anybody have something similar set up? And if so, how would I go about doing it?
Thank you!!
submitted by heisenburg69 to DataHoarder [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 09:44 XMG_gg XMG Gaming Laptops: First Steps & Troubleshooting

So you got yourself an XMG Gaming Laptop laptop, huh?

Congratulations! :-)
Follow this handy guide to go through your first steps and some commonly recurring questions. This guide is pretty long and might look frightening on first look, but please note:

+++ BREAKING: Fix "No Speaker" issue on XMG FUSION 15 +++

Windows Update has recently brought us a "No speakers, no sound" issue on XMG FUSION 15. Please read all about the solution in this post. This should only be a temporary condition and solved soon by pulling the incompatible driver from Windows Update. Update: incompatible driver has been pulled on May 19, 2020. New driver going to be rolled out shortly.

Now, moving on to the actual content of this thread:

I unboxed my XMG Laptop – what are my first steps?

1. If you purchased with Windows.
When building our laptops, we always make sure to install the latest firmware and drivers. If you purchased with Windows, all drivers will already be installed and you can pretty much start working. NVIDIA updates their driver pretty often, so they might already have a new driver out. Open up GeForce Experience, log into your account and see if the app offers any driver updates.
2. If you purchased without operating system.
Your SSD will be empty, but your firmware will be up to date. Even if you purchase without operating system, we will already have updated the latest BIOS and latest Thunderbolt firmware. Now it’s time to install Windows and install our drivers.
If you don’t have your own Windows install media at hand, you can get the latest official version from here. The drivers for your XMG Laptop will be on a USB thumb drive in your shipping box. If you want to make absolutely sure that you’re getting the latest drivers, download them each by each from our download portal. Both sources will include a PDF file that will guide you through each step. The only tricky step is the Audio driver, where you’ll have to do a specific install and reboot sequence. This is explained in detail in the PDF file.

++ Troubleshooting (all models) +++

The following items might apply to any XMG or SCHENKER model. In fact, they might also apply to laptops from other brands. Further down below, you'll find a section that is more specific to individual models.

My battery life is less than it should be / I have high Idle power consumption / my dGPU is not turning off.

Battery life and power consumption are closely interconnected. If your system consumes too much power – even in Idle – your battery life will suffer.
Preliminary: check your CPU usage, sorted by tasks
Your first look should be into Windows Task Manager, tab "Details" and then sort by "CPU" usage. You should know that your CPU has multiple cores and threads. For example, on i7-9750H (6 cores, 12 threads) if one single-thread task is running at 100%, it translates to "only" 8% CPU load in Task Manager (100 divided by 12 = 8.33). 8% might not look like much at first glance. But in reality it's one core that is running at maximum speed, taking almost as much power as if all cores would run at the same time. This is because the CPU would boost a single core to much higher speed than it would boost all cores together.
In other words: CPU usage values in Task Manager can be misleading, especially if some broken or badly programmed software is going rogue on a single thread. Do the math!
So, on a 6 core CPU, if you have any process in Task Manager constantly running at 8%, something is off. Please identify which task it is, and either end it right there it or uninstall the related software altogether.
Another way to check is to separate the Task Manager CPU activity graph into logical cores. Check these two screenshots:
In my example you can see one core in the middle was almost maxed out for a short amount of time. Thanks to the nature of Turbo Boost, this core would induce a boosted clock speed, leading to almost maxed-out power consumption and high temperatures. This is not always immediately visible because most programs would keep jumping from core to core, so you always see individual spikes to 100% on single core. You can try this yourself by using Prime95 and running it on only 1 thread.
All systems nominal? CPU is nice and idle? Check the dGPU status.
If you don't have any rogue tasks clogging up you CPU but your Idle power consumption is still off the charts, it might be because your NVIDIA GPU (dedicated GPU, dGPU) is not turning itself off.
Under the system of NVIDIA Optimus (MSHybrid), all common Windows apps are run on the Intel UHD Graphics (integrated GPU, iGPU) by default and the dedicated GPU (dGPU) should turn itself off when it is not needed. This removes the dGPU from the power source but it also saves power on the CPU side, because the CPU can turn off the PCI-Express x16 dGPU connection and thus achieve lower sleep states in each CPU cycle. This system can be disturbed in a number of ways, leading to higher power consumption which in turn leads to lower battey life.
1. Check which system monitoring tools you are running in the background
Some system monitoring software intentionally wakes up the dGPU. Keeping such software running in the background will inevitably lead to higher power consumption. We will keep a list of tools here which do and which do not keep the dGPU awake.
Does not keep the dGPU awake Keeps the dGPU awake
CoreTemp AIDA64 (only when “Sensor” pane is open)
HWiNFO64 ASUS GPU Tweak II
Intel Extreme Tuning Utility CPUID HWMonitor
NVIDIA Control Panel MSI Afterburner
Speccy NVIDIA GeForce Experience
TechPowerUp Real Temp NVIDIA Inspector
ThrottleStop NZXT CAM
Windows Task Manager Open Hardware Monitor
TechPowerUp GPU-Z
XMG Control Center (only when “System Monitor” pane is open)
Please check if any of the programs on the right side of the table is running in the background on your machine. If they are, please remove them from Startup in the Task Manager.
Some of the programs on the left side of the table might wake up the dGPU once for a few seconds during initialization. But according to our testing, they won’t keep the dGPU awake during normal operation.
If you want to see, whether or not your dGPU is awake or not, the best bet is to use the “Sensors” function in HWiNFO64 and keep an eye on the GPU Temperature of your NVIDIA GeForce card. If the temperature reads 0°C, the dGPU is sleeping. With a right click on the Temperature value, you can even set up an alarm in form of a sound file, notification popup or logfile entry if the temperature reaches a value ≥ 1.
2. If external monitor is connected, dGPU will be awake.
Both HDMI and USB-C/DisplayPort/Thunderbolt are connected directly to the NVIDIA GeForce card. This dedicated connection gives the XMG FUSION 15 the power to drive very high resolutions, refresh rates and to support G-SYNC and FreeSync on external screens. The trade-off: the dGPU will always be awake as soon as an external monitor is connected. Rendering can still happen on the iGPU (Intel UHD Graphics) - but the dGPU will always be "awake" to deliver the pixels to the screen.
3. The choice of running apps on iGPU vs. dGPU has to be done in Windows Graphics settings now.
Microsoft is taking over the NVIDIA Optimus (MSHybrid) control from NVIDIA. On latest Windows builds and NVIDIA drivers, the NVIDIA driver now shoes a very small warning notification:
Windows OS now manages selection of the graphics processor. Open Windows graphics settings
If you notice that certain apps wake up the dGPU, please see if you can assign them to the internal graphics in this new Windows setting dialogue. Please note that the aforementioned benchmark and system monitoring apps apps will override/ignore this setting anyway. But it should work fine for most if not all productivity apps and games.
4. Every app is running on dGPU as soon as external monitor is connected? No.
NVIDIA’s Control Center has a hidden function called “NVIDIA GPU Activity” which supposedly shows which app is being rendered on the dGPU. You can find it by enabling "Display GPU Activity Monitor Icon in Notification Area".
Unfortunately, this function is not accurate when using an external monitor. As soon as you have an external monitor connected, the notification window shows every newly launched app as if it’s being rendered on the dGPU, even though it is not. This has been confirmed by our NVIDIA contacts to be a general issue that affects all laptops with NVIDIA Optimus (MSHybrid) of every brand.
It does not look as if NVIDIA has any plans to resolve this issue. Therefor, the “NVIDIA GPU Activity” will continue to show inaccurate information and should rather not be used at all.
5. dGPU does not go back to sleep after disconnecting external screen while browser is open
If you launch your browser (Chrome, Firefox, Edge) while you are connected to an external screen, the browser’s hardware acceleration will use the dGPU. This happens despite the fact that you are forcing that app to run on Integrated Graphics. If the browser keeps running after you connect the external screen, it will keep the dGPU awake.
Even sending the laptop to Standby and waking it up again won’t change that fact. The dGPU will only go back to sleep after you close the specific app that triggered this behaviour.
This seems to affect every laptop with NVIDIA Optimus (MSHybrid) – not only XMG laptops.
We have filed a report with NVIDIA and we are awaiting their feedback.
Here is a short list of apps that are affected and not affected by this issue:
Affected Not affected (Control Group)
Google Chrome Microsoft Word
Mozilla Firefox notepad.exe
Microsoft Edge
This might also affect other apps if they are secretly using the dGPU for Hardware Acceleration. But so far, the 3 major browsers are the only apps we have confirmed to trigger this behaviour.
According to what we heard, NVIDIA does not seem to have any plans to fix this issue on a fundamental basis.
Workaround #1: Restart your Browser
Close your browser and launch it again after disconnecting from the external screen.
Workaround #2: Disable Hardware Acceleration in Browser
You can find this in the Settings menu of your Browser.
Workaround #3: Disable and re-enable the dGPU instead of closing your Webbrowser
Download here: dGpuCycle Script.zip
Written by Notebookcheck user ‘Stepon’ (source). You can open the script with Notepad to read the source code.
After disconnecting the external screen, run this Batch Script with Admin privileges. The script will disable and re-enable the dGPU in Device Manager. During that moment, your browser will drop the Hardware Acceleration from dGPU and go back to iGPU. Chrome will flicker for a fraction of a second. If you play any videos on your browser while running the script, you might have to restart playback by jumping to a different point in the video timeline.
With some programming skills can be further automated to always run in the background.
6. Same as above, but for most if not all apps that use a browser engine underneath.
The browser hardware acceleration issue applies to apps that are using a browser engine to create their GUI. If you launch such an app while you're connected to an external monitor, they will use the dGPU for hardware acceleration and won't let go of it until you either close the app or manually disable the dGPU. The most popular such apps are:
The most widespread framework for such apps is Electron, but it's not limited to that. For example, Spotify uses a different implementation, based on Chromium browser engine.
We are not aware of any way to disable hardware acceleration on these apps. Disabling hardware acceleration in your browser won't affect those apps. The only workarounds are:
As with other root causes in this section, this seems to apply to every laptop with NVIDIA Optimus. We have asked NVIDIA to comment in April 2020.
7. Outdated Killer Wi-Fi driver increasing power consumption.
We had a report where an outdated Killer Wi-Fi suite caused high background CPU load. If you are using a Rivet Networks Killer Wi-Fi module, please download and install the latest drivers here.
8. Missing NVIDIA USB-C and Audio drivers keep the dGPU awake?
We have a report from a user who made a custom install of NVIDIA drivers and unselected the NVIDIA USB-C and Audio drivers because he thought we won't need them. In this case, not having those drivers will cause the main driver to not shutdown the dGPU when searching for those two drivers. We were not able to reproduce it but we'll leave it in this guide for future reference. Solution: reinstall NVIDIA drivers and include every driver, even the optional ones.
9. Outdated Windows and firmware?
If you haven’t already, make sure you are running the latest Windows updates and the latest BIOS. Some major Windows milestones (also called “Redstone” updated) need to be triggered manually by opening Windows Updates, then “Checking for updates”. Under “Optional updates”, there might be a “Feature update” which you can initiate with “Download and install now” (screenshot).
10. Third party PCIe/NVMe SSD preventing CPU from sleeping?
We had recently a few reports on budget SSDs from smaller brands preventing the CPU from reaching C8 sleep states, severely cutting battery life. If you upgrades your SSD yourself with a model that is not listed in our online shop, please consider to swap it out, re-install Windows from scratch and try again. If you found your SSD to be the culprit, please share the product name with us.
11. Corsair iCue Software causes +10W power consumption?
We have seen this report from multiple users. This one was the first:
I spent a week trying to figure out why the processor on my Fusion 15 was consuming so much power when idle (around 10W!). My battery life was absolutely abysmal at about 2.5 hours on a full charge. I thought I had ruled out the iCue software because I closed the app completely, but it turns out only a complete uninstall will allow everything to return to normal so it must have been the mouse driver itself rather than the iCue software.
Source
We haven't checked it ourselves but any kind of hardware-related 3rd party software could potentially cause power saving issues on any system.
12. Epic Games Launcher running on dGPU
First reported here]. Solution is in the top reply to that thread.
13. Paint 3D causes the dGPU to stay 'ON' by running in the Background, even after Reboot
This seems to be a real issue based on a bug from Microsoft. Check this thread for details.
14. Other reason? Cannot reach CPU Package C8 Residency? Please take part in our survey
Please read this post for an introduction into CPU Package C8 Residency states. The post includes a link to a survey to collect analytical data from users who just can't get their power consumption down despite already having implemented all prior suggestions.
15. Dig deeper? Check out this amazing in-depth guide about Windows power saving optimization and C-States.
Written by user Che0063 on Notebookreview in 2018 and constantly updated into 2020, this guide is a deep dive into all things C-States.
You can find a PDF copy (pulled on 2020/05/26) of this guide here.

Random short spikes in lag and stutter

Intel Driver and Support Assistant (DSA) is acting up, causing CPU spikes up to 40% every 1-5 minutes.
Taken from this post:
Intel Driver and Support Assistant (DSA) is acting up, causing CPU spikes up to 40% every 1-5 minutes. See this picture of task manager cumulative CPU time. Funny you already mentioned that it stopped working, as I experienced the same thing.
Solution (TL;DR):
Uninstall Intel DSA for now. You can do this via the windows Apps and Programs, or if it fails for any reason, download the official Uninstaller from the intel website.
[...]

My laptop randomly wakes up from Standby.

1. Firmware solution for Wake-up 3 hours after entering Sleep/Standby. (XMG FUSION 15 only)
There was an issue with the NVIDIA USB-C driver which caused the laptop to wake up exactly 3 hours after entering Standby. The laptop was trying to transition into Hibernate (Suspend to Disk) but failed to do so. This issue is resolved in BIOS 0062 and beyond.
2. Disable Wake timers (applies to any PC and Laptop)
Depending on your Windows configuration, there might be certain task schedules (including Windows Updates) which prompt the laptop to wake-up from Sleep or Hibernate. To check on these issues, please read this article. The most common solution is to disable the “Allow wake timers” option for both “plugged in” and “on-battery”. Please note: this setting depends on each power profile and your laptop has three of them: Silent, Balanced, Enthusiast. Please switch to each of these profiles and modify “Allow wake timer” in the Advanced settings in Windows power options for each one of these.
3. Check the Wake-up cause
There is a simple command that will tell you the reason why your laptop woke up for the last time. Usually this is something like "Power Button" or "Lid Opening", but in your case it might point to a different driver or Windows component. Find "Command Prompt" in Start Menu and type:
powercfg -lastwake 
This command does not need Admin right. Please copy it by marking the output text and pressing Enter. The marked text from the Command Prompt windows is now in your clipboard and can be pasted into a text file or message box. Alternatively you can take a picture and report back to us.

My laptop needs a long time to boot up.

Cold Boot and Wake-up from Hibernate should not take much more than 12 seconds between pressing the power button and seeing the login screen wallpaper. If your laptop takes much longer, please consider the following options.
1. Enable “Fast Boot”.
Enabling “Fast Boot” in BIOS is a requirement to use Microsoft’s “Hybrid Boot” technology which saves a lot of time on Cold Boot. Before shipping, we always enable “Fast Boot” in all XMG laptops – but it might get disabled by user operation. On some models, it might also get disabled during BIOS Reset. To make sure, you have “Fast Boot” enabled, follow these steps:
(the location of the "Fast Boot" option might be slightly, depending on your model)
2. Flash firmware again
You can clearly seperate the boot process between BIOS time and Windows time. Everything that happens before you see the XMG boot logo is BIOS time. On XMG FUSION 15, it usually takes about 7 seconds between pressing the power button and seeing the XMG boot logo for the first time. If this time period is much, much longer in your case, the root cause might be in hardware or firmware.
One potential solution was found in this post. This user already had a system with Thunderbolt Firmware NVM v56. But based on a hunch, he just tried to update the same firmware again and it instantly fixed his long BIOS time.
It makes kind of sense. VBIOS, Thunderbolt... those are large, complex and kind of external components that are initialized in the very early steps of the the BIOS. If anything is stalling there, you won't see the boot logo because the BIOS hasn't even attempted yet to start talking to the SSD.
Rule of thumb: if you have long BIOS time before you see the XMG logo, please consider to flash the BIOS and the Thunderbolt Firmware again.
Now, let's look at various Windows-based causes:
3. Clean up TEMP folders
Taken from this post.
Found out, during each boot Windows (namely it's ProfSvc service) takes everything you have in users/yourprofile folder and writes over those files. I suspect it's changing some meta data in the files. Probably edditing read/write premissions. But it goes one by one. And logon process waits for it to finish. As long as your computer is relatively clean, this operation takes a second or two. But when Visual Studio update "forgets" 160 000 files in your AppData/Temp folder, it results in 35 secs of profile loading during boot. All I needed was to empty the Temp folder and the bootups are back in normal!
You can either clean the Temp folders manually or use a software like CCleaner. Please beware, we would only recommend CCleaner to clean temp files, but don't clean the Windows Registry. It's usually safe to do but it can sometimes lead to false positive situations and side-effects.
4. Riot Games 'Vanguard' might block one of our drivers
If you have game titles from Riot Games installed, the software 'Vanguard' might be blocking the 'inpoutx64.sys' driver on some of our systems. This driver is related to the Control Center. We have heard of one single case where the presence of Vanguard lead to a significantly increased boot-time. In other cases however, it had no effect despite getting the 'Vanguard has blocked' message in Windows.
We will share this information with our ODM to see if our signed inpoutx64.sys/dll can be whitelisted. Meanwhile, please consider disabling or uninstalling Vanguard to see if it improves your boot time.
5. Consider a clean reinstall
It might be inconvenient, but if you have any boot times that are wildly longer than above reference data, please consider a clean Windows installation. 'Clean' means deleting the system partitions on your SSD in the first step of the installation procedure. Before you do this, you should backup all important data on external storage.
6. Other causes.
If your system still takes a long time to even display the XMG boot logo or to boot into the Login prompt, there might be another issue at hand. Please make sure to update your BIOS, load setup defaults, enable “Fast Boot” again and make sure that your Windows and drivers are up to date. Please also consider to follow the generic advice in this article.
There is currently no other known systematic issue that prevents our laptops from doing a fast boot or fast wake-up. If you cannot resolve the issue on your machine, please consider to backup your data and do a clean Windows re-install.
7. Discussion
For XMG FUSION 15 we have opened a dedicated tread about expected boot times after a clean install. Please move all relevant discussion to this thread:
Thank you!

My microphone does not sound right

(I might be using Discord)
First, please make sure you increased the microphone gain to 100% and added the +20dB boost.
Now, some apps including Discord put additional processing on the microphone, including echo and noise cancellation. This can have a negative effect on microphone audio quality. Please see if you can disable all such options from your chat application and from the Realtek Control Panel.

I have random Bluescreens

Bluescreens can have a number of reasons. Sometimes, the error message or driver reference can already point at a root cause. If there are too many possible root causes, here are some generic tips.
How to use MemTest86 to test my RAM
Follow these steps:
PRO TIP: If you have MemTest86 errors, you can try to open your laptop and test both memory modules individually. Remove one module and run the test again. If the errors only show on one of the modules, try the same module again in the other (empty) RAM slot. If the module shown errors when run individually in both of the RAM slots, it might be indeed faulty.
If the RAM modules are actually not faulty, it can sometimes also help to just remove and replace (reseat) them. Sometimes, if they are not properly connected, they might also prompt random errors including iGPU graphics artifacts.

+++ Troubleshooting XMG FUSION 15 (2019) +++

The following items apply only to XMG FUSION 15. Please check first if your issue is covered under the general section above. The latest BIOS and Control Center update can be found in this thread.

My speaker sound is underwhelming / I cannot get Soundblaster Connect running.

Sound Blaster Connect is an important app to improve the experience of the audio system. It can increase volume (SmartVol) and Bass of the speakers.
1. Reinstall Audio drivers in the proper sequence
Normally, when all pre-requisites are met, Soundblaster Connect should install automatically from Windows. You can then find it with a simple search for “Sound Blaster” in the Windows Start menu. If Sound Blaster Connect is no where to be found or if it only shows an empty screen, please follow the sequence precisely:
If you are connected to the Internet, the system will now automatically install "Sound Blaster Connect" from Microsoft Store. This might take a few minutes or more. When in doubt, reboot once more after the Soundblaster-Creative_Audio_Effects.

My touchpad sometimes does not react.

This is a very rare issue that we have encountered a few times. For some users we have fixed it by replacing the laptop. The root cause is not entirely clear yet but there have been a few successful workarounds.
Solution #1: Set Touchpad to “Most Sensitive”
Find the “Touchpad” settings in Windows Start menu and change the sensitivity setting to “Most Sensitive”. Please report via PM with your order number if this fixes the issue for you.
Solution #2: Reinstall BIOS and Control Center
We have reports from users who got rid of any Touchpad issues by reinstalling the BIOS and Control Center. Please get the appropriate downloads from our Download Portal.

My CPU shows high activity in idle while having devices connected to USB-C port.

We are currently tracking an issue where users have reported >10% CPU usage in Idle while having certain devices connected to the USB-C port.
Current Workaround: Disable Automatic Sleep on Thunderbolt controller
Device Manager > System devices > Thunderbolt Controller > Power Management > Disable "Allow the computer to turn off this device to save power"

I’m unable to turn off my keyboard backlight during boot.

Normally, if you disable the keyboard backlight in Control Center using the slider switch, it should also be disabled during Reboot, Cold Boot etc. We had one report of a rare issue where this settings was not applied to firmware anymore. If you encounter this issue, please click the “Restore” button in Control Center to reset all you Keyboard Backlight settings. Then, try again to disable the Keyboard Backlight and reboot.

My keyboard backlight is not turning on anymore.

We had a few reports of keyboard backlight not being able to turn on anymore. If you encounter this issue, please reset your BIOS settings.

I cannot access my BIOS Setup (F2) anymore.

This is another very rare issue that was only reported once so far. If you cannot access your BIOS Setup, you cannot do a BIOS Reset anymore.
Solution: Remove CMOS Jumper from Mainboard and Reboot
The mainboard of XMG FUSION 15 has a jumper to control the BIOS Reset. In order to reach this jumper, you will need to remove the bottom case of the laptop. This is as easy as removing the 10 screws on the bottom side and then simply lifting the bottom cover away from the laptop.
The jumper is located next to the WiFi module
If the jumper is removed, the laptop will show a special menu after on boot which will allow you to reset the BIOS Settings to Default.
After having done this Reset, please place the jumper again it it's original position, connecting pins "1" and "2" as seen in the "Top View" picture linked above.
Now, please see if you can now get back into BIOS Setup with the F2 key during boot.

My external USB mouse sometimes stops moving.

We have some reports from USB gaming mouse with ≥1000Hz polling rate that sometimes stop working when used together with USB hubs, both on USB-A and USB-C (Thunderbolt).
Please install the latest official drivers from your mouse vendor and see if you can reduce the polling rate to 500Hz to see if it makes any difference.

My system consumes about 1~2% battery in Standby/Sleep mode

This is normal and also affects both XMG FUSION and XMG NEO series with opto-mechanical keyboard. Reason: the keyboard consumes slightly over 1W even in standby, because it is still firing up the Infrared barriers for every individual switch. This is to make sure that the keyboard can wake the system from standby. This translates to a power consumption (witch charger, measured at wall socket) of up to 1.8W in Standby if the battery is already fully charged. Due to a hardware design constraint, the power of the keyboard switches cannot be turned off, unless the system is sent to Hibernate (S4) or Shutdown (S5).
Workaround: use Hibernate. By default, Standby automatically transitions into Hibernate after 180 minutes. You can shorten this timespan in the Advanced Power Options in Windows (Screenshot). You have to do this for each of the Performance Profiles that you use (Silent, Balanced, Enthusiast). Before that, you have to enable Hibernate in this menu.

I would like to improve my DPC Latencies.

For guaranteed low DPC latencies, please check out our SCHENKER Audio Editions. For all other models, we're going to collect a number of tips here over time.

I have issues with USB-C or Thunderbolt 3 adapters on XMG FUSION 15

XMG FUSION 15 (2019, XFU15L19) had a bit of a shaky history with some USB-C adapters and Thunderbolt Docking Stations. It seems like the most serious issues have been ironed out with BIOS 0064 and Thunderbolt Firmware-Update NVM v56. If you plan to use USB-C port and you purchased your laptop before May 2020, please make sure to update your firmware as explained in this thread:
If you are still not sure which USB-C peripherals to buy, please check out our list of validated products in this thread:
Thank you!


That's all, folks.

For more FAQ on XMG, SCHENKER and Bestware, please check our FAQ Page: https://bestware.com/faqs/
If we find more commonly asked questions (especially ones that are specific to popular models), we will add them to this guide.
If you have any questions or issues that are not covered in this guide, please reply in the comments below!
// Tom
submitted by XMG_gg to XMG_gg [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 06:15 second-rate-hero Chrome Extensions for Copywriters

Bill Gates is quoted as saying,“I choose a lazy person to do a hard job. Because a lazy person will find an easy way to do it.” You have probably also heard, “work smart, not hard.”
Why work harder than you need to?
I’m always looking for tools to improve my copywriting workflow and today I want to share my favorite Chrome extensions with you. Here are - in my opinion - the top 11 Chrome extensions for copywriters.
Awesome Screenshot & Screen Recorder
Copywriters love to get inspiration from other copywriters. In fact, seeing what is currently working in your market and finding out the language your target market uses is one of the most important steps in copywriting.
If you are about to hire a copywriter and they don’t discuss market research, that isn’t a red flag - it’s a 100-person marching band.
When doing market research we often create a “swipe” folder and store the best ads and copywriting we see.
But oftentimes, the “print to PDF” function messes up the formatting of the page. The colors don’t transfer and it’s just a total mess.
That’s why I use Awesome Screenshot & Screen Recorder. It has the ability to save my swipes exactly as they show up on my screen. And it even has a scroll function that can save really long sales pages in one image file.
Grammarly
It never fails - you’ve read through your copy a bajillion times, your client accepts it, it gets published for the world to see…. and there’s a typo.
I think there’s some universal law that says “the more confident you won’t have typos in your copy, the greater the chance of them appearing.”
Who’s going to be the first to find a typo and point it out in the comments below?
Well, I use Grammarly to reduce the number of typos and errors I make. I already have my system spellchecker, but Grammarly just provides one more set of eyes to read over everything for me.
I also often put my copy in Word to review before I publish or send my copy to a client.
Notion Web Clipper
Have you ever found a life changing piece of software?
My copywriting friends have been bugging me to try it out for the last six months. I finally set up an account and went through August Bradley’s notion training.
And it blew my mind…
Between client work, product development, branding, studies, and all of the other projects I have going on, it’s pretty hard to keep up with everything.
I used to spend a lot of my mental energy thinking about the statuses of all of my projects. “For my productivity course I need to write the sales page.”
“Where am I at with the LinkedIn content I’m supposed to publish today?”
“Did I read the new SEO news?”
Having this going on in your head all the time creates a constant cognitive load.
… basically short-circuiting your brain.
But with Notion, I know where all my projects stand and what needs to happen when. That way, I only need to worry about what I need to get done today.
Notion isn’t a Chrome extension, but the Notion Web Clipper extension allows me to save any content from the Internet and save it for later.
Loom
I just mentioned that I always have a ton of projects going on at one time. I don’t do everything myself - I have a great team that works with me.
Many times, I come up with a task that I need an assistant to help me with. Recording a quick Loom video going through the steps is - I haven't done the math on this yet - a bajillion times faster than writing a long email.
With Loom, I’m able to set up SOPs, send them to my team, and let them take care of it.
Edit Anything
When auditing a website or even just a single webpage, it’s really helpful to show your client what the end result will look like.
Show don’t tell.
Sure, you can open up the console on Chrome and fiddle around with the HTML and CSS, but there’s something much easier for copywriters - Edit Anything.
This extension lets you click any text on a page and then edit it. Instead of saying “Mrs. Client what if we said X,” you just show them right on the page.
Web Paint
Web Paint is similar to Edit Anything, but this extension isn’t focused on text. With this extension, you can draw shapes, underline sections, and provide other feedback for your client.
I like to use Web Paint when I’m giving copywriting critiques.
Facebook pixel helper
Facebook pixel helper is a simple extension that lets you check if a page has a Facebook pixel installed. There may be other features you can do with this one, but I mainly use it to make sure my pixels are working.
I also use it when I’m browsing a prospective client’s website: “Mr. Prospective Client, I noticed your Facebook ads aren’t set up correctly. Do you need help with that?”
Google tag assistant
Similar to Facebook pixel helper, I use Google Tag Assistant to make sure Google Analytics tags are working on my websites.
ColorZilla
Most copywriters won’t get much use out of this, but when I’m building landing pages, ColorZilla is a great tool that helps me use selecting colors.
When I’m building a page in WordPress, I can use ColorZilla to make sure all of the colors I use are using the correct brand colors and follow the site’s style guide.
SEO Quake
I LOVE this extension. When doing keyword research to find opportunities for content marketing and SEO, I can quickly see what the competition looks like with SEO Quake.
It’s really easy to see which pages on the SERPs have backlinks with this tool.
SEO Ruler
This is another killer SEO tool. This tool scrapes all kinds of information from the SERPs: related searches, people also ask, etc...
It can also scrape headings, anchors, and image alt tags from content pages. All of this information helps you when you are writing SEO copy.
Note: It appears SEO Ruler has become a paid product. If it’s anything like the previous free version, it is probably worth it.
There you have it - the 10 best Chrome Extension for Copywriters. These are extensions I use every day that make my life much easier and help me produce better copy. What Chrome extensions are you using for copywriting or marketing?
submitted by second-rate-hero to Entrepreneur [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 06:12 second-rate-hero Chrome Extensions for Copywriters

Bill Gates is quoted as saying,“I choose a lazy person to do a hard job. Because a lazy person will find an easy way to do it.” You have probably also heard, “work smart, not hard.”
Why work harder than you need to?
I’m always looking for tools to improve my copywriting workflow and today I want to share my favorite Chrome extensions with you. Here are - in my opinion - the top 11 Chrome extensions for copywriters.
Awesome Screenshot & Screen Recorder
Copywriters love to get inspiration from other copywriters. In fact, seeing what is currently working in your market and finding out the language your target market uses is one of the most important steps in copywriting.
If you are about to hire a copywriter and they don’t discuss market research, that isn’t a red flag - it’s a 100-person marching band.
When doing market research we often create a “swipe” folder and store the best ads and copywriting we see.
But oftentimes, the “print to PDF” function messes up the formatting of the page. The colors don’t transfer and it’s just a total mess.
That’s why I use Awesome Screenshot & Screen Recorder. It has the ability to save my swipes exactly as they show up on my screen. And it even has a scroll function that can save really long sales pages in one image file.
Grammarly
It never fails - you’ve read through your copy a bajillion times, your client accepts it, it gets published for the world to see…. and there’s a typo.
I think there’s some universal law that says “the more confident you won’t have typos in your copy, the greater the chance of them appearing.”
Who’s going to be the first to find a typo and point it out in the comments below?
Well, I use Grammarly to reduce the number of typos and errors I make. I already have my system spellchecker, but Grammarly just provides one more set of eyes to read over everything for me.
I also often put my copy in Word to review before I publish or send my copy to a client.
Notion Web Clipper
Have you ever found a life changing piece of software?
My copywriting friends have been bugging me to try it out for the last six months. I finally set up an account and went through August Bradley’s notion training.
And it blew my mind…
Between client work, product development, branding, studies, and all of the other projects I have going on, it’s pretty hard to keep up with everything.
I used to spend a lot of my mental energy thinking about the statuses of all of my projects. “For my productivity course I need to write the sales page.”
“Where am I at with the LinkedIn content I’m supposed to publish today?”
“Did I read the new SEO news?”
Having this going on in your head all the time creates a constant cognitive load.
… basically short-circuiting your brain.
But with Notion, I know where all my projects stand and what needs to happen when. That way, I only need to worry about what I need to get done today.
Notion isn’t a Chrome extension, but the Notion Web Clipper extension allows me to save any content from the Internet and save it for later.
Loom
I just mentioned that I always have a ton of projects going on at one time. I don’t do everything myself - I have a great team that works with me.
Many times, I come up with a task that I need an assistant to help me with. Recording a quick Loom video going through the steps is - I haven't done the math on this yet - a bajillion times faster than writing a long email.
With Loom, I’m able to set up SOPs, send them to my team, and let them take care of it.
Edit Anything
When auditing a website or even just a single webpage, it’s really helpful to show your client what the end result will look like.
Show don’t tell.
Sure, you can open up the console on Chrome and fiddle around with the HTML and CSS, but there’s something much easier for copywriters - Edit Anything.
This extension lets you click any text on a page and then edit it. Instead of saying “Mrs. Client what if we said X,” you just show them right on the page.
Web Paint
Web Paint is similar to Edit Anything, but this extension isn’t focused on text. With this extension, you can draw shapes, underline sections, and provide other feedback for your client.
I like to use Web Paint when I’m giving copywriting critiques.
Facebook pixel helper
Facebook pixel helper is a simple extension that lets you check if a page has a Facebook pixel installed. There may be other features you can do with this one, but I mainly use it to make sure my pixels are working.
I also use it when I’m browsing a prospective client’s website: “Mr. Prospective Client, I noticed your Facebook ads aren’t set up correctly. Do you need help with that?”
Google tag assistant
Similar to Facebook pixel helper, I use Google Tag Assistant to make sure Google Analytics tags are working on my websites.
ColorZilla
Most copywriters won’t get much use out of this, but when I’m building landing pages, ColorZilla is a great tool that helps me use selecting colors.
When I’m building a page in WordPress, I can use ColorZilla to make sure all of the colors I use are using the correct brand colors and follow the site’s style guide.
SEO Quake
I LOVE this extension. When doing keyword research to find opportunities for content marketing and SEO, I can quickly see what the competition looks like with SEO Quake.
It’s really easy to see which pages on the SERPs have backlinks with this tool.
SEO Ruler
This is another killer SEO tool. This tool scrapes all kinds of information from the SERPs: related searches, people also ask, etc...
It can also scrape headings, anchors, and image alt tags from content pages. All of this information helps you when you are writing SEO copy.
Note: It appears SEO Ruler has become a paid product. If it’s anything like the previous free version, it is probably worth it.
There you have it - the 10 best Chrome Extension for Copywriters. These are extensions I use every day that make my life much easier and help me produce better copy. What Chrome extensions are you using for copywriting or marketing?
submitted by second-rate-hero to copywriting [link] [comments]


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Word Search Maker Education.com

  1. content-based search for pdf docs using Adobe Reader XI ...
  2. Using Word to create a word search - YouTube
  3. How To Find All PDFs On Your Windows Computer - YouTube
  4. How to Convert PDF to Word - YouTube
  5. Search for a word or a sentence in multiple pdf files ...
  6. Export and Email a Custom Sheets as PDF on ... - YouTube
  7. How To Convert a Word documents to PDF - YouTube
  8. How To Search PDF For Words. Convert To Searchable File ...
  9. NVivo 12 tutorial - Word frequency and text search - YouTube
  10. Can You Find It? How to Search Keywords in PDF Documents

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